Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory




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CAAB: 37024000


Angel Sharks, Angelsharks

Compiler and date details

1 May 2011 - Douglass F. Hoese, Jennifer E. Gates & Matthew M. Lockett


The Squatinidae includes a single tropical and warm temperate genus with 15 described species. Compagno et al. (2005), however, listed 20 known species including many undescribed. Four species are known from Australian waters (Last & Stevens 1994, 2009; Compagno & Niem 1998).

Angel sharks are found throughout the world, except for much of the Indian Ocean and central Pacific Ocean. They generally occur over, and bury in, soft sand or mud, from the intertidal to depths of 1300 m. They are ovoviviparous and prey on fishes and invertebrates. Most angel sharks are less than 1.5 m long, but Squatina tergocellata reaches only about 60 cm.

Angel sharks are poorly known and are in need of revision. Bigelow & Schroeder (1948) treated Atlantic species and provided a key to the known species. Compagno (1984) reviewed current knowledge of the group.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Apr-2012 16-Apr-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)