Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Pratulum thetidis (Hedley, 1902)

Pretty Cockle, Thetis Cockle

Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Peter U. Middelfart, Winston F. Ponder & Des Beechey, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia




New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39)

Ecological Descriptors

Boulders, continental shelf, in rubble, marine, mud-silt, sand, sublittoral.

Extra Ecological Information

8-183 m, coarse sand and rubble, among boulders


General References

Angas, G.F. 1867. A list of species of marine Mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales, and on the adjacent coasts, with notes on their habits etc. Part II. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 912-935 [925]

Beu, A.G. & Raine, J.I. 2009. Revised descriptions of New Zealand Cenozoic Mollusca from Beu and Maxwell (1990). GNS Science Miscellaneous Series no. 27

Cotton, B.C. 1961. South Australian Mollusca. Pelecypoda. Adelaide : W.L. Hawes, Government Printer 363 pp. [Date published Oct: Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia Series] [242, fig. 259] (as Pratulum thetidis)

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of Bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany : ConchBooks 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [306, CD:line 10252] (as Nemocardium (Pratulum) thetidis)

Hylleberg, J. 2004. Lexical approach to Cardiacea. Records of taxa. Illustrated and annotated records of living and fossil shells, with emphasis on the families Cardiidae and Lymnocardiidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Part 3: N-Z. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 30: 645-939 [801]

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 [21]

Lamprell, K. & Whitehead, T. 1992. Bivalves of Australia. Bathurst, New South Wales : Crawford House Press Vol. 1 xiv 182 pp. [70, fig. 218]

Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. 1962. Marine molluscs of Victoria. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press & National Museum of Victoria 475 pp. [338, fig. 387] (as Pratulum thetidis)

May, W.L. 1923. An illustrated index of Tasmanian shells: with 47 plates and 1052 species. Hobart : Government Printer 100 pp. [Date published 31 July 1923] [fig. 14] (as C. pulchellum)

Poutiers, J.M. 1992. The Australasian Protocardiinae revisited (Bivalvia, Cardiidae). American Malacological Bulletin 9(2): 139-144

Pritchard, G.B. & Gatliff, J.H. 1903. Catalogue of the Marine Shells of Victoria. Part VII. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria n.s. 16(1): 96-139 [136] (synonymy of C. pulchellum)

Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. 2009. Recent Mollusca. pp. 126-219 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.). The New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Volume 1: Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Christchurch : Canterbury University Press 566 pp.

ter Poorten, J. 2013. Pratulum thetidis (Hedley, 1902). World Register of Marine Species. (Accessed on 2015-02-02)

Wilson, B.R. & Stevenson, S.E. 1977. Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 9: 1-114 [69, pl. 4, figs 23-25, text fig. 10]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
11-Aug-2014 11-Aug-2014 MOVED
11-Aug-2014 CARDIIDAE 02-May-2011 MOVED Dr Winston Ponder (AM) Mr Des Beechey (AM) Dr Peter Middelfart (AM)
11-Aug-2014 19-Apr-2011 MODIFIED
21-Nov-2013 MODIFIED