Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Patro australis (Gray, 1847)

Orange Jingle Shell

Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Peter U. Middelfart, Winston F. Ponder & Des Beechey, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia



New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors


Extra Ecological Information

Substrate:sand, mud, attached to shell debris .


General References

Beu, A.G. 1967. Notes on Australasian Anomiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 9: 225-243 [231, text figs 1c, 1e]

Hedley, C. 1916. A preliminary index of the Mollusca of Western Australia. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Western Australia 1: 152-226 [158]

Hedley, C. 1918. Narrative of an expedition of exploration in North Western Australia by Herbert Basedow. Special Report. Mollusca. Transactions of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australian Branch 18: 263-283 [266]

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of Bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany : ConchBooks 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.

Iredale, T. 1939. Mollusca. Part 1. British Museum (Natural History), London. Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928-29. Scientific Reports of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929 5(6): 209-425, pls 1-75 [403-404]

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 [13]

Lamprell, K. & Healy, J. 1998. Bivalves of Australia. Leiden : Backhuys Publishers Vol. 2 288 pp. [128, fig. 317]

Yonge, C.M. 1977. Form and evolution in the Anomiacea (Mollusca: Bilvalvia) - Pododesmus, Anomia, Patro, Enigmonia (Anomiidae): Placunanomia, Placuna (Placunidae Fam. Nov). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 276: 950

Yonge, C.M. 1980. On Patro australis with comparisons of structure throughout the Anomiidae (Bivalvia). Malacologia 20(1): 143-151


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
14-Jun-2013 14-Dec-2010 MOVED
25-Nov-2010 25-Nov-2010 MOVED
25-Nov-2010 MODIFIED