Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

Powerful Owl

Powerful Owl


Regional Maps

CAVS: 0248

Species Ninox (Rhabdoglaux) strenua (Gould, 1838)

Powerful Owl

  • Athene strenua Gould, J. 1838. A Synopsis of the Birds of Australia, and the Adjacent Islands. London : J. Gould 8 pp., 73 pls. [Pt 3, published Apr. 1838, publication dated as 1837–1838] [text to pl. 49] [as Athene? strenua; first read at meeting of Zoological Society of London, Dec. 26, 1837, but not published in Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1837: 138–157 (142) until Dec. 1838, see Sclater, P.L. 1893. List of the dates of delivery of the sheets of the "Proceedings" of the Zoological Society of London, from the commencement in 1830 to 1859 inclusive. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893: 435–440; although ANSP 2549 identified as type by Stone, W. in Stone, W. & Mathews, G.M. 1913. A list of the species of Australian birds described by John Gould, with the location of the type-specimens. Austral Avian Records 1: 129–180, that specimen is the individual figured on pl. 35 in Gould, J. 1848. The Birds of Australia. London : J. Gould Vol. 1 cii 13 pp. 36 pls, which could be any of the specimens available to Gould from between Port Phillip and Moreton Bays during the 1840s after the publication of Athene strenua, see Gould, J. 1848. The Birds of Australia. London : J. Gould Vol. 1 cii 13 pp. 36 pls: this specimen is not cited as type by Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1957. On some avian types, principally Gould's, in the collection of the Academy. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 109: 123–246].
    Type data:
     Holotype whereabouts unknown (?lost, figured on pl. 49 of original description), New South Wales.
  • Ninox strenua victoriae Mathews, G.M. 1912. Additions and corrections to my Reference List to the Birds of Australia. Austral Avian Records 1: 73-80 [Date published 28 Jun 1912] [75] [holotype figured on pl. 267 and described in detail on pp. 356–357 in Mathews, G.M. 1916. The Birds of Australia. London : Witherby & Co. Vol. 5 pt 4 pp. 353–440 + xi pls 267–274 [30 Aug. 1916]].
    Type data:
     Holotype AMNH 630274 unsexed (G.M. Mathews' coll. no. 12115), Victoria
    Comment: for identification of holotype, see Greenway, J.C. 1978. Type specimens of birds in the American Museum of Natural History. Pt 2. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 161: 1–306.




New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Coastal mainland SE Australia and adjacent Great Dividing Range, north to headwaters of Dawson-Comet Rivers, Shoalwater Bay and Clarke Range, QLD (M. Schulz, pers. comm.), and south-west to the edge of the Victorian Wimmera and the southern South-East of SA.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


NSW, Qld, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Flinders (FLI), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Wet Tropics (WT)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Queensland: Murray-Darling basin, NE coastal
    • Victoria

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, carnivorous, nocturnal, open forest, predator, sedentary, tall forest, territorial, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

Randomly dispersed, seasonal breeder, general carnivore, permanently paired in wet sclerophyll forest, roosts arboreally by day in forest under-canopy, hunts by night in perch-and-pounce sallies on larger arboreal vertebrates, mainly the phalangers Petauroides volans and Pseudocheirus peregrinus, nests on beds of decayed wood in high tree hollows, female alone broods.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Feb-2010 (import)