Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37046001

Species Neoceratodus forsteri (Krefft, 1870)

Australian Lungfish, Burnett River Salmon, Ceratodus, Fresh Water Salmon, Lungfish, Queensland Lungfish


Generic Combinations



The species is Listed as Vulnerable under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act) and protected in Queensland.





Extra Distribution Information

Burnett River (25º03´S) and Mary River (25º40´S), QLD, also translocated to other rivers and reservoirs of south-east QLD, North Pine River (including Lake Samsonvale), the Brisbane River (including Lake Wivenhoe), and Enoggera Reservoir, introductions to other areas apparently unsuccessful; fossils known from NSW; tropical.

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Qld: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ)

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [23]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [55]

Berra, T.M. 2007. Freshwater Fish Distribution. Chicago : University of Chicago 605 pp. [29]

Frentiu, F.D., Ovenden, J.R. & Street, R. 2001. Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri: Dipnoi) have low genetic variation at allozyme and mitochondrial DNA loci: a conservation alert? Conservation Genetics 2: 63-67

Graham, J.B. (ed.) 1997. Air-breathing fishes: evolution, diversity, and adaptation. San Diego : Academic Press 299 pp. [21]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [786]

Kemp, A. 1995. Threatened fishes of the world: Neoceratodus forsteri (Krefft, 1870) (Neoceratodontidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 43: 310

Kemp, A. 1997. A revision of Australian Mesozoic and Cenozoic lungfish of the family Neoceratodontidae (Osteichthyes; Dipnoi), with a description of four new species. Journal of Paleontology 71: 713-733

Kemp, A.R. 1999. Sensory lines and rostral skull bones in lungfish of the family Neoceratodontidae (Osteichthyes: Dipnoi). Alcheringa 23: 289-307

Lake, J.S. 1971. Freshwater Fishes and Rivers of Australia. Melbourne : Nelson 61 pp. [14]

Lake, J.S. 1978. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Melbourne : Thomas Nelson 160 pp. 140 figs.

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part I. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 1–144 [33]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [21] (148)

Whitley, G.P. 1940. The Fishes of Australia. Part 1. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Roy. Zool. Soc. N.S.W. 280 pp. 303 figs. [239] (photo of holotype and suggested that the holotype had rotted and was no longer in the Australian Museum)

Whitley, G.P. 1956. The freshwater fishes of Australia. 4. — The Queensland Lungfish. Aqualife 1(12): 9-10 [9]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [34] (168)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Feb-2012 20-Aug-2013 MODIFIED
20-Nov-2011 MODIFIED