Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Nemocardium probatum (Iredale, 1927)

Bechi Cockle (for bechei misidentification for Australia)

Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Peter U. Middelfart, Winston F. Ponder & Des Beechey, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Lord Howe Island added from Australian Museum reference collection records

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Lord Howe Province (14), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, continental slope, intertidal, marine, mud-silt, sand, shallow subtidal, sublitoral.

Extra Ecological Information

45-150 m.


General References

Allan, J.K. 1950. Australian shells: with related animals living in the sea, in freshwater and on the land. Melbourne : Georgian House xix, 470 pp., 45 pls, 112 text figs. [319, pl. 37, fig. 25]

Coleman, N. 1975. What Shell is That? Sydney : Lansdowne Press 298 pp. [262, pl. 716]

Cotton, B.C. 1964. Molluscs of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4 (Zoology): 9–43 [12, pl. 13, figs 15, 16]

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of Bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany : ConchBooks 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [306] (CD: line 10242)

Iredale, T. 1927. Caloundra Shells. The Australian Zoologist 4: 331-336, pl. 46 [333, pl. 46, fig. 8]

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 [21]

Lamprell, K. & Whitehead, T. 1992. Bivalves of Australia. Bathurst, New South Wales : Crawford House Press Vol. 1 xiv 182 pp. [68, fig. 216] (as Nemocardium (Nemocardium) bechei)

Rippingale, O.H. & McMichael, D.F. 1961. Queensland and Great Barrier Reef shells. Brisbane : Jacaranda Press 210 pp. [186, pl. 26, fig. 18]

ter Poorten, J. 2013. Nemocardium probatum (Iredale, 1927). World Register of Marine Species. (Accessed on 2015-02-02)

Wilson, B.R. & Stevenson, S.E. 1977. Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 9: 1-114 [62, pl. 1, figs 15-19, text fig. 7] (as Nemocardium (Nemocardium) bechei)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
11-Aug-2014 11-Aug-2014 MOVED
11-Aug-2014 CARDIIDAE 02-May-2011 MOVED Dr Winston Ponder (AM) Mr Des Beechey (AM) Dr Peter Middelfart (AM)
11-Aug-2014 02-May-2011 MODIFIED
21-Nov-2013 MODIFIED