Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Maoricardium setosum (Redfield, 1848)

Hairy Cockle

Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Peter U. Middelfart, Winston F. Ponder & Des Beechey, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Indo-west Pacific

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, coral reef, intertidal, marine, mud-silt, sand.

Extra Ecological Information

To 145m


General References

Allan, J.K. 1950. Australian shells: with related animals living in the sea, in freshwater and on the land. Melbourne : Georgian House xix, 470 pp., 45 pls, 112 text figs. [317, text fig. 76, no. 4] (as Cardium setosum)

Coleman, N. 1975. What Shell is That? Sydney : Lansdowne Press 298 pp. [16, pl. 14] (as P. setosum)

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of Bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany : ConchBooks 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [291, text fig., 680] (considers setosum conspecific with fraseri)

Hylleberg, J. 2004. Lexical approach to Cardiacea. Records of taxa. Illustrated and annotated records of living and fossil shells, with emphasis on the families Cardiidae and Lymnocardiidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Part 3: N-Z. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 30: 645-939 [523, 765]

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 [21]

Lamprell, K. & Whitehead, T. 1992. Bivalves of Australia. Bathurst, New South Wales : Crawford House Press Vol. 1 xiv 182 pp. [60, pl. 28] (fig. 180 as Plagiocardium (Maoricardium) setosum (Redfield, 1848) and fig. 181 Plagiocardium (Maoricardium) fraseri (Garrard, 1963))

Rippingale, O.H. & McMichael, D.F. 1961. Queensland and Great Barrier Reef shells. Brisbane : Jacaranda Press 210 pp. [186, pl. 26, fig. 13] (as Vepricardium setosum)

Satyamurti, S.T. 1956. Mollusca of Krusadai Is. II. Scaphopoda, Pelecypoda, and Cephalopoda. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum, Natural History ns 1(no. 2, pt 7): 202 pp., 30 pls [93, pl. 14, figs 3a, b] (as Cardium setosum)

Smith, E.A. 1885. Report on the Lamellibranchiata collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 13(35): 1-341, 25 pls [158] (as Cardium (Acanthocardium) setosum)

Smith, E.A. 1891. Marine Shells from Aden. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1891(3): 430-432 [428] (as Cardium setosum)

Tantanasiriwong, R. 1979. A checklist of marine bivalves from Phuket (area). Phuket Marine Biological Center, Research Bulletin 27: 1-15 [9]

ter Poorten, J. 2014. Maoricardium setosum (Redfield, 1846). World Register of Marine Species. (Accessed on 2015-01-23)

Wilson, B.R. & Stevenson, S.E. 1977. Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 9: 1-114 [108, pl. 1, figs 10-14, text fig. 20] (as Plagiocardium (Maoricardium) setosum (Redfield, 1848) and 109, pl. 1, figs 8-9, text fig. 2 as Plagiocardium (Maoricardium) frazeri (Garrard, 1963))


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
22-Aug-2023 BIVALVIA 22-Aug-2023 MOVED Mr Des Beechey Ingo Burghardt Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
11-Aug-2014 11-Aug-2014 MOVED
11-Aug-2014 CARDIIDAE 19-Apr-2011 MOVED Dr Winston Ponder (AM) Mr Des Beechey (AM) Dr Peter Middelfart (AM)
11-Aug-2014 19-Apr-2011 MODIFIED
28-Nov-2013 MODIFIED