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CAVS: 0309

Species Lathamus discolor (Shaw, 1790)

Swift Parrot




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

TAS (breeding almost exclusively in east and midlands), Bass Strait islands on passage, and south-east mainland out-of-breeding east along coast and both watersheds of Great Dividing Range irregularly as far north as about the Tropic of Capricorn (exceptionally farther) and Darling Downs (Chinchilla, Texas), QLD, central Barwon and Riverina regions, NSW, and N Murray Mallee, VIC, and west irregularly to SE of SA and formerly regularly, now erratically, north through Ninety-mile Desert and central Murray Mallee to Mt Lofty Range as far as about Sutherlands-Clare, SA—principal non-breeding range centred in east coastal and central VIC (Gippsland Plains, Western Uplands, Northern Goldfields, Northern Plains).

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


ACT, NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Wet Tropics (WT)

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, diurnal, florivore, frugivorous, gregarious, low woodland, mellivore, migratory, open forest, tall forest, volant, woodland.

Extra Ecological Information

Seasonal breeder, in eucalypt woodlands and forests, feeds primarily in tree canopy on nectar from flowering eucalypts, flies swiftly and directly on consistently beating wings, nests on bed of wood dust/debris in tree hollows, incubation by female, both sexes rear pale grey-downed, yellowish-billed chicks, migrates south to breeding grounds in Sept.-Nov. and north to non-breeding grounds in Mar.-Apr.


General References

Forshaw, J.M. 1981. Australian Parrots. 2nd (revised) Edn. Illustrated by W.T. Cooper. Melbourne : Lansdowne Edns 312 pp. 56 pls. (synonymy)

Hindwood, K.A. & Sharland, M. 1964. The Swift Parrot. The Emu 63: 310-326 (distribution, diet, migration, nidification)

Immelmann, K. 1966. Die australischen Plattschweifsittiche. Wittenberg, Lutherstadt : A. Ziemsen (Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei) 128 pp. (synonymy)

Lea, A.M. & Gray, J.T. 1935. The food of Australian birds. An analysis of the stomach contents. Part II. The Emu 35: 63-98 (diet)

Lendon, A.H. 1973. Australian Parrots in Field and Aviary. The comprehensive revised edition of Neville Cayley's standard work. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xxx 342 pp. XIII pls. (movements, general biology, nidification)

Mathews, G.M. 1912. A Reference-List to the Birds of Australia. Novitates Zoologicae 18: 171-455 [Date published 31 Jan 1912] (presenting alternative taxonomic arrangement)

Peters, J.L. 1937. Check-list of Birds of the World. Cambridge : Harvard University Press Vol. 3 xiii 311 pp. (synonymy)

Salvadori, T. 1891. Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Psittaci, or Parrots. London : British Museum Vol. 20 xvii 658 pp. XVIII pls. (synonymy and specific limits)

Thomas, D.G. 1970. Swift Parrots wintering in Tasmania. Tasm. Nat. No. 23 p. 4. (status)

Wolters, H.E. 1975. Die Vogelarten der Erde. Eine systematische Liste mit Verbreitungsangaben sowie deutschen und englischen Namen. Hamburg : Paul Parey Lief. 1, 1-80 pp. (synonymy)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Apr-2015 Platycercini 07-Oct-2015 MODIFIED
10-Nov-2020 20-Aug-2013 MODIFIED
10-Nov-2020 28-Feb-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)