Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Gymnolophus obscura (Ljungman, 1867)

Compiler and date details

2012 - Tim O'Hara, Museum Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy


Generic Combinations

  • Gymnolophus obscura (Ljungman, 1867).




Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Murray Ils to Mooloolaba, Qld, Monte Bello Is., Ningaloo WA; east Indo-west Pacific Ocean. Depth range 0-52 m

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, marine.


General References

Bell, F.J. 1902. The Actinogonidiate echinoderms of the Maldive and Laccadive Islands. pp. 223-233 in The fauna and geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagos. Cambridge Vol. 1. [229-230] (as Ophioaethiops unicolor)

Brock, J. 1888. Die Ophiuridenfauna des indischen Archipels. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 47: 465-539 [521-522] (as Gymnolophus holdsworthii)

Clark, A.M. & Rowe, F.W.E. 1971. Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. London : Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History) 238 pp. 100 figs 31 pls. [82-83] (as Gymnolophus obscura)

Clark, H.L. 1915. Catalogue of recent ophiurans: based on the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 25(4): 165-376, pls 1-20 [286] (as Ophioaethiops elegans)

Clark, H.L. 1921. The echinoderm fauna of Torres Strait. Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington 10: 1-224, 38 pls [116-117, pl. 16(2)] (as Ophiomaza obscura)

Clark, H.L. 1946. The echinoderm fauna of Australia. Its composition and its origin. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 566: 1-567 [234-235] (as Ophiomaza obscura)

Koehler, R. 1904. Ophiures novelles ou peu connues. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique de France 17: 54-119, 98 figs [115-116] (as Ophioaethiops unicolor)

Lyman, T. 1874. Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae, old and new. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 3(10): 221-272 figs A-G pls 1-7 [233] (as Ophiocnemis obscura)

Lyman, T. 1882. Ophiuroidea. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 5: 1-385 pls 1-48 [230] (as Ophiomaza obscura)

Price, A.R.G. & Rowe, F.W.E. 1996. Indian Ocean echinoderrms collected during the 'Sindbad' voyage (1980-81): 3. Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 62(2): 71-82 [74] (as Gymnolophus obscura)

Rowe, F.W.E. & Gates, J. 1995. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 33 Echinodermata. Melbourne : CSIRO Australia 510 pp. [411] (as Gymnolophus obscura)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Sep-2023 22-Jul-2013 MODIFIED
29-Mar-2010 MODIFIED