Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Geitoneura klugii (Guérin-Méneville, 1830)

Klug's Xenica, Marbled Xenica


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Australian Endemic.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Carnarvon (CAR), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Dampierland (DL), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gascoyne (GAS), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Pilbara (PIL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Australian Capital Territory
    • New South Wales: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Queensland: NE coastal
    • South Australia: Murray-Darling basin, S Gulfs, SE coastal, W plateau
    • Tasmania
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Western Australia: NW coastal, SW coastal, W plateau

Ecological Descriptors

Larva: herbivore (associated flora: Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P.Beauv. [POACEAE] False Brome; Joycea pallida (R.Br.) H.P.Linder [POACEAE] Silver Grass; Themeda triandra Forsskål [POACEAE]; Austrostipa flavescens (Labill.) S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett [POACEAE]; Poa labillardieri Steudel [POACEAE]; Poa morrisii Vick. [POACEAE]; Poa tenera J.D.Hook. [POACEAE]; Ehrharta calycina Smith [POACEAE]; Vulpia sp. [POACEAE]).

Extra Ecological Information

Introduced plants include Brachypodium distachyon, Ehrharta calycina, Vulpia sp. (Poaceae).


General References

Anderson, E. & Spry, F.P. 1893. Victorian Butterflies and How to Collect Them. Part 1. Melbourne : H. Hearne & Co. 78 pp. [49] (incorrect subsequent spelling as Xenica kluggii, biology)

Braby, M.F. & New, T.R. 1989. Adult reproductive biology of Geitoneura klugii and G. acantha (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) near Melbourne, Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 361: 397-409 [dated 1988] [397]

Braby, M.F. & New, T.R. 1989. Population biology of adult Geitoneura klugii and G. acantha (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) near Melbourne, Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 36: 141-158 [dated 1988] [141]

Braby, M.F. & New, T.R. 1999. The Xenicas, Geitoneura klugii and G. acantha (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae. pp. 227-238 in Kitching, R.L., Scheermeyer, E., Jones, R.L. & Pierce, N.E. (eds). Biology of Australian Butterflies. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing xvi 395 pp. [227]

Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. [337] (description, distribution)

Couchman, L.E. 1956. A catalogue of the Tasmanian Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 90: 1-33 [28]

Dunn, K.L. & Dunn, L.E. 1991. Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Family Nymphalidae. Melbourne : K. & L. Dunn Vol. 4 513-660 pp. [536]

Fisher, R.H. 1978. Butterflies of South Australia (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea). Adelaide : South Australian Government. Handbooks Series 272 pp. [148, 151] (biology)

Fruhstorfer, H. 1911. The Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. [Satyridae]. 285-401 pls 87-99 in Seitz, A. (ed.). The Macrolepidoptera of the World: a systematic description of the hitherto known macrolepidoptera. Stuttgart : Alfred Kernen Vol. 9 1197 pp. [publication date: Griffin, F.J. 1936. The contents of the parts and the dates of appearance of Seitz' Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde (The Macrolepidoptera of the World), Lieferungen 1 to 130 Palaearctic and 1 to 575 exotic. Vols 1 to 16, 1907–1935. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 85(10): 243–279] [304 pl. 93c] (incorrect subsequent spelling as Xenica klugi)

Rainbow, W.J. 1907. A Guide to the Study of Australian Butterflies. Melbourne : T.C. Lothian 272 pp. [110] (incorrect subsequent spelling as Xenica kluggi, biology)

Waterhouse, G.A. 1932. What Butterfly is That? A Guide to the Butterflies of Australia. Illustrated by Neville Cayley. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 291 pp. 34 pls. [Date published 15/Dec/1932] [104]

Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914] [44] (incorrect subsequent spelling as Xenica klugi, description, distribution)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
04-Feb-2023 PAPILIONOIDEA 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby (ANU)
13-May-2022 PAPILIONOIDEA 21-Dec-2022 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
26-Feb-2021 PAPILIONOIDEA 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
04-Jun-2020 PAPILIONOIDEA 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
04-Jun-2020 NYMPHALIDAE Rafinesque, 1815 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED
06-Sep-2017 PAPILIONOIDEA 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED
05-Mar-2013 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2012 04-Feb-2023 MODIFIED
05-Apr-2011 MOVED