Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Euploea corinna (W.S. Macleay, 1826)

Common Crow, Oleander Butterfly


Miscellaneous Literature Names

  • Euploea core corinna W.S. Macleay, 1826 [Morishita (1977, 1981) regarded the subspecies Euploea core corinna from Australia and the Lesser Sunda Islands to be a species distinct from E. core (Cramer, [1780]), which occurs from India, Sri Lanka and southern China, through the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Java and Bali. The two species are absent from Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Maluku and mainland New Guinea, but are sympatric on Bali. Ackery and Vane-Wright (1984, p. 54) provisionally maintained corinna as a subspecies of E. core, but cautioned that “at present we cannot be sure that the entities grouped under this name are even paraphyletic.” Vane-Wright (1993) subsequently divided E. core into five allopatric species, with three of these restricted to the Andaman Islands (E. andamanensis), Nicobar Islands (E. scherzeri), and Biak and Bismarck Archipelago of Papua New Guinea (E. charox), respectively, based on phenotypic and/or anatomical differences. Euploea corinna was treated as specifically distinct, although R.I. Vane-Wright (pers. comm.) notes that more work on the taxonomy is needed, especially in the narrow area of geographical overlap where E. corinna seems to have replaced the original subspecies of E. core on Bali over a period of less than 100 years (see Braby 2010)].



Lane & Moulds (2015) recorded Euploea core corinna as "common" on the Torres Strait islands.




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Dauan Island, Torres Strait. Extralimital distribution—occurs widely in the Oriental Region east to Bali, Bismarck Archipelago, absent from the Philippines, Borneo, Maluku, Sulawesi, New Guinea.

Other Regions

Lord Howe Island terrestrial & freshwater, Norfolk Island terrestrial & freshwater, Torres Strait Islands terrestrial, marine & freshwater

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Larva: herbivore (associated flora: Brachystelma glabriflorum (F.Muell.) Schltr. [ASCLEPIADACEAE] Bowich; Parsonsia straminea (R.Br.) F.Muell. [APOCYNACEAE] Common Silkpod; Marsdenia australis (R.Br.) Druce [APOCYNACEAE] Doubah; Ficus platypoda (Miq.) A.Cunn. ex Miq. [MORACEAE] Rock Fig; Marsdenia suaveolens R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia viridiflora R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Sarcostemma australe R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Secamone elliptica R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Tylophora sp. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Ficus benjamina L. [MORACEAE]; Ficus coronata Spin & Colla [MORACEAE]; Ficus microcarpa L.f. [MORACEAE]; Ficus obliqua G.Forst. [MORACEAE]; Ficus virens Aiton [MORACEAE]; Ficus lyrata Warb. [MORACEAE]; Ficus natalensis Hochst. [MORACEAE]; Trachelospermum sp. [APOCYNACEAE]; Ficus spp. [MORACEAE]; Carissa ovata R.Br. [APOCYNACEAE]; Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton [APOCYNACEAE]; Parsonsia eucalyptophylla F.Muell. [APOCYNACEAE]; Parsonsia sp. [APOCYNACEAE]; Adenium obesum Raem. & Schult. [APOCYNACEAE]; Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch [APOCYNACEAE]; Carissa grandiflora A.DC. [APOCYNACEAE]; Mandevilla sp. [APOCYNACEAE]; Nerium oleander L. [APOCYNACEAE]; Plumeria acutifolia Poir [APOCYNACEAE]; Trachelospermum jasminoides Lem. [APOCYNACEAE]; Asclepias spp. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Cryptostegia madagascariensis Decne. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Cynanchum spp. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Hoya archboldiana C.Norman [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Hoya carnosa (L.) R.Br. [APOCYNACEAE]; Hoya cumingiana Decne. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Stephanotis sp. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Ceropegia cumingiana Decne. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Cynanchum carnosum (R.Br.) Schltr. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Gunnessia pepo P.I.Forst. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Gymnanthera cunninghamii (Benth.) P.I.Forst. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Hoya australis R.Br. ex Trail [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Hoya macgillivrayi F.M.Bailey [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia coronata Benth. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia glandulifera C.T.White [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia hemiptera Rchb.f. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia micradenia (Benth.) P.I.Forst. [APOCYNACEAE]; Marsdenia microlepis Benth. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]; Marsdenia rostrata R.Br. [ASCLEPIADACEAE]).

Extra Ecological Information

Introduced plants include Adenium multiflorum, A. obesum, Carissa grandiflora, Mandevilla sp., Nerium oleander, Plumeria acutifolia, Trachelospermum jasminoides, Trachelospermum sp. (Apocynaceae), Asclepias spp., Cryptostegia grandiflora, C. madagascariensis, Cynanchum spp., Hoya archboldiana, H. carnosa, H. cumingiana, Stephanotis sp. (Asclepiadaceae), Ficus lyrata, F. natalensis (Moraceae).


General References

Ackery, P.R. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 1984. Milkweed Butterflies their Cladistics and Biology being an account of the natural history of the Danainae, a subfamily of the Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. London : British Museum (Natural History) 425 pp. [228] (taxonomy, biology)

Braby, M.F. 2010. The merging of taxonomy and conservation biology: a synthesis of Australian butterfly systematics (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea). Zootaxa 2707: 1-76 [Date published 3 Dec 2010]

Carpenter, G.D.H. 1953. The genus Euploea (Lep. Danaidae) in Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia and Australia. A zoo-geographical study. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 28(1): 1-184 pl. 1-9 [5]

Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. [309] (biology)

Daglish, G., Zalucki, M., Gynther, H., Rahman, E., Scheermeyer, E. & Arura, M. 1986. Field and laboratory observations on oviposition by Euploea core (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 34: 827-836 [827] (included bibliography)

De Baar, M. 1991. Euploea core corinna (Macleay) and Euploea algea amycus Miskin (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) form hybrids within Torres Strait, Queensland. Australian Entomological Magazine 18(1): 45-47 [45]

Dunn, K.L. & Dunn, L.E. 1991. Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Family Nymphalidae. Melbourne : K. & L. Dunn Vol. 4 513-660 pp. [520]

Edwards, E.D. 1996. Nymphalidae. pp. 243-248, 359-360 in Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. (eds). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Vol. 4 xiv 529 pp. & CD-ROM. [248]

Kitching, R.L. & Zalucki, M.P. 1981. Observations on the ecology of Euploea core corinna (Nymphalidae) with special reference to an overwintering population. Journal of the Lepidoptera Society 35: 106-119 [106] (ecology)

Lane, D.A. & Moulds, M.S. 2015. An annotated list of hawkmoths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Hammond Island, Torres Strait. Australian Entomologist 42(1): 29-34

Morishita, K. 1977. The genus Euploea in the Orient (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Acta Rhopalocerologica, Fukuoka 2: 1-60

Morishita, K. 1981. Danainae. pp. 441-623 in Tsukada, E. (ed.). Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands. Tokyo : Palpac Co. Vol. 2 623 pp. [549]

Parsons, M.J. 1998. The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea; their systematics and biology. San Diego : Academic Press 736 pp. [515]

Rahman, H.U., Zalucki, M.P. & Scheermeyer, E. 1985. The effect of host plant on the development and survival of the immature stages of Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 24: 95-98 [95] (ecology)

Rainbow, W.J. 1907. A Guide to the Study of Australian Butterflies. Melbourne : T.C. Lothian 272 pp. [50] (as Euploea (Chanapa) corinna, biology)

Scheermeyer, E. 1985. Some factors affecting the distribution of Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Danainae). Australian Journal of Zoology 33: 339-348 [339] (ecology)

Scheermeyer, E. 1993. Overwintering of three Australian danaines: Tirumala hamata hamata, Euploea tulliolus tulliolus, and E. core corinna. pp. 345-353 in Malcolm, S.B. & Zalucki, M.P. (eds). The Biology of Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Los Angeles : Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County xii 419 pp. [345] (ecology)

Scheermeyer, E., Kitching, R.L. & Jones, R.E. 1990. Host plants, temperature and seasonal effects on immature development and adult size of Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Danainae). Australian Journal of Zoology 37: 599-608 [599] (ecology)

Scheermeyer, E. & Zalucki, M.P. 1985. Food plant records of Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) with some notes on larval coloration. Australian Entomological Magazine 11: 87-90 [87] (ecology)

Scott, A.W. 1891. Australian Lepidoptera and Their Transformations, by the Late Alexander Walker Scott, with Illustrations Drawn from the Life by His Daughters, Harriet Morgan and Helena Forde. Edited and Revised by Arthur Sidney Olliff and Helena Forde. Sydney : Australian Museum Vol. 2(2) pp. 11-18 pls 13-15. [20 pl 16] (biology)

Vane-Wright, R.I. 1993. Milkweed butterflies (Lepidoptera: Danainae) and conservation priorities in the Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Butterflies 4: 21–33

Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914] [24] (as Euploea corinna corinna Macleay, description, distribution)

Wood, G.A. 1987. The butterflies of Murray Island, Torres Strait, Queensland. Australian Entomological Magazine 14(3): 39-42 [40]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
07-Mar-2024 PAPILIONOIDEA 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
04-Feb-2023 PAPILIONOIDEA 22-Dec-2023 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby (ANU)
13-May-2022 PAPILIONOIDEA 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
26-Feb-2021 PAPILIONOIDEA 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
04-Jun-2020 PAPILIONOIDEA 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED Dr Michael Braby
13-Dec-2017 Danaini 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
04-Jun-2020 NYMPHALIDAE Rafinesque, 1815 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
06-Sep-2017 PAPILIONOIDEA 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
29-Nov-2016 Euploea Fabricius, 1807 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
01-Feb-2016 Danaini 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
05-Mar-2013 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2012 07-Mar-2024 MODIFIED
12-May-2011 27-Apr-2011 MOVED
05-Apr-2011 MOVED