Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Epitonium (Epitonium) scalare (Linnaeus, 1758)

Precious Wentletrap


Generic Combinations




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland

Extra Distribution Information

Indo-west Pacific; Japan to Australia and west to Natal, South Africa, Red Sea (Nakayama 2003: 40)

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Brown, L.G. & Neville, B.D. 2015. Catalog of the recent taxa of the families Epitoniidae and Nystiellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with a bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Zootaxa 3907(1): 1-188 [136]

Cotton, B.C. 1964. Molluscs of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4 (Zoology): 9–43 [26]

Hedley, C. 1918. A checklist of the marine fauna of New South Wales. Part 1. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 51: M1–M120 [M65]

Hinton, A. 1972. Shells of New Guinea and the central Indo-Pacific. Milton : Jacaranda Press xviii 94 pp. [10]

Jousseaume, F. 1912. Faune malacologique de la Mer Rouge. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique de France 24((3-4)): 180-246, pls 5-7 [193]

Melvill, J.C. & Standen, R. 1901. The Mollusca of the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and the Arabian Sea, as evidenced mainly through the collections of Mr. F.W. Townsend, 1893-1900; with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901(ii): 327-460 pls xxi-xxiv [354]

Nakayama, T. 2003. A review of northwest Pacific Epitoniids (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Monographs of marine mollusca No. 6. Leiden, The Netherlands : Backhuys Publishers pp. 1-143. [39-40, pl. 10, figs 11-13]

Tantanasiriwong, R. 1978. An illustrated checklist of marine shelled gastropods from Phuket Island, adjacent mainland and offshore islands, Western Peninsula, Thailand. Phuket Marine Biological Center, Research Bulletin 21: 1-22, 259 figs [19]

Weil, A., Brown, L & Neville, B. 1999. The Wentletrap Book (Guide to the Recent Epitoniidae of the world). Rome : Evolver 244 pp. [94, fig. 288]

Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp. [278, pl. 44, figs 17a-b]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Jun-2021 EPITONIOIDEA 05-Jan-2016 MODIFIED Mr Des Beechey (AM) Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM) Lyn Randall
13-Feb-2012 MODIFIED