Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Ennucula obliqua (Lamarck, 1819)

Oblique Nut Shell, Subdilecta Nut Shell (for Ennucula subdilecta)

Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Peter U. Middelfart, Winston F. Ponder & Des Beechey, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia

August 2002 - Peter U. Middelfart, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Miscellaneous Literature Names




New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, in sandy mud, marine.

Extra Ecological Information

To 165 m


General References

Angas, G.F. 1867. A list of species of marine Mollusca found in Port Jackson harbour, New South Wales, and on the adjacent coasts, with notes on their habits etc. Part II. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 912-935 [932] (as Nucula consobrina)

Bergmans, W. 1991. Mollusca Bivalvia : Archibenthal Nuculidae off New Caledonia. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris [1936-1950] 7: 29-40 [36] (not treated as synonym of Ennucula obliqua, and mentioned the need to look at the type)

Chapman, F. & Gabriel, C.J. 1914. Descriptions of New and Rare fossils obtained by Deep Boring in the Mallee. ii. Mollusca. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria XXVI: 301-330, 5 pl. [301]

Finlay, H.J. 1927. New specific names for Austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488-533 [522] (as Nucula simplex)

Garrard, T.A. 1961. Mollusca collected by M. V. "Challenger" off the east coast of Australia. Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 5: 3–38 [4]

Harris, G.F. 1897. Catalogue of Tertiary Mollusca in the Department of Geology, British Museum (Natural History). The Australasian Tertiary Mollusca. London : British Museum of Natural History Part 1 407 pp., 8 pls. [347] (as Nucula tenisoni)

Hedley, C. 1902. Scientific results of the trawling expedition of H.M.C.S. "Thetis" off the coast of New South Wales in February and March 1898. Mollusca. Part 1. Brachiopoda and Pelecypoda. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 4: 285-324 [292]

Hedley, C. 1913. Studies of Australian Mollusca. Part XI. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 38: 258–339 [263] (as Nucula simplex, pl. 16, figs 4-6; and N. consobrina, pl. 16, figs 1-3)

Hedley, C. 1918. A checklist of the marine fauna of New South Wales. Part 1. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 51: M1–M120 [M3] (as Nucula obliqua and N. consobrina)

Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of Bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Germany : ConchBooks 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [524]

Iredale, T. 1915. A commentary on Suter's "Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca". Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 47: 417-497 [Date published 12 July 1915] [483] (as Nucula simplex)

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 (as E. obliqua, E. duritas and E. consobrina)

Lamprell, K. & Healy, J. 1998. Bivalves of Australia. Leiden : Backhuys Publishers Vol. 2 288 pp. [34] (distribution, synonymy)

Macpherson, J.H. 1966. Port Phillip Survey 1957–1963. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne 27: 201–288 [228]

Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. 1962. Marine molluscs of Victoria. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press & National Museum of Victoria 475 pp. [270, fig. 307]

May, W.L. 1921. A Checklist of the Mollusca of Tasmania. Hobart, Tasmania : Government Printer 114 pp. [7]

May, W.L. 1923. An illustrated index of Tasmanian shells: with 47 plates and 1052 species. Hobart : Government Printer 100 pp. [Date published 31 July 1923] [pl. 1, fig. 5]

McMichael, D.F. & Vooorwinde, J. 1966. Illustrations of unfigured New South Wales marine molluscs, Part 1. Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 10: 13-20, pls 12, 13 [15, pl. 2, figs 5-7] (as Ennucula duritas)

Pritchard, G.B. & Gatliff, J.H. 1904. Catalogue of the Marine Shells of Victoria. Part VIII. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria n.s. 17(1): 220-266 [238]

Smith, E.A. 1885. Report on the Lamellibranchiata collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 13(35): 1-341, 25 pls [225]

Tate, R. & May, W.L. 1901. A revised census of the marine Mollusca of Tasmania. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 26(3): 344-471 [435]

Verco, J.C. 1907. Notes on South Australian marine Mollusca with descriptions of new species. Part VI. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 31: 213-230 [Date published 9 Dec] [216]

Whitelegge, T. 1889. List of the Marine and Freshwater Invertebrate Fauna of Port Jackson and the Neighbourhood. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 23: 1-161 [243] (as Nucula simplex and N. consobrina)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Aug-2012 15-Aug-2012 MOVED
23-Oct-2014 09-Aug-2010 MOVED
23-Oct-2014 04-Aug-2010 MODIFIED
02-Aug-2010 MODIFIED