Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

F.W.E. Rowe & J. Gates, Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (1995) Updated (2001) by Tim O'Hara, Museum Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia


The family Echinothuriidae is widespread in all oceans. There are eight extant genera, five of which are recorded in Australian waters, represented by eleven species.

Echinothuriid species are distinguished within the order Echinothurioida by the following combination of character states: test low, hemispherical and flexible, with imbricating plates or interstitial membranous junctions; usually flattened, pancake-like when preserved; peristome plated, peristomial ambulacral plates simple, ambulacral plates of test trigeminate; pedicellariae include dactylous types, adoral spines with terminal expansion termed a 'hoof', teeth with rounded tip; lantern similar to Diadematidae but pyramids with shallow foramen magnum.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2016 28-Feb-2013 MODIFIED
15-Sep-2023 11-May-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)