Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Dulcerana granularis (Röding, 1798)

Graniferous Triton Or Ranella, Granulated Bursa, Granulated Triton Or Frog Shell


Generic Combinations




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Indo Pacific, western Atlantic

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Carnivorous, coral reef, marine, rocky shore, sand, shallow subtidal, subtidal, tide pools, under rocks.

Extra Ecological Information

Feeds on polychaete worms; egg capsules/masses benthic; egg sacs lightly attached to small hollows in rock; slightly below low tide line


General References

Allan, J.K. 1950. Australian shells: with related animals living in the sea, in freshwater and on the land. Melbourne : Georgian House xix, 470 pp., 45 pls, 112 text figs. [115, text fig. 6] (as Ranella granifera)

Altena, C.O. van Regteren 1942. The marine mollusca of the Kendeng beds (East Java). Gastropoda Part 4 (families Cassididae-Ficidae inclusive). Leidsche Geologische Mededelingen 13: 89-120 [107]

Beechey, D. 2000. Bursa granularis (Roding, 1798). The seashells of New South Wales. (date accessed 9/7/2012)

Beu, A.G. 1998. Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae. A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna, with revisions of related taxa. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris [1936-1950] 178: 1-256 [150, figs 48a-e, 58d]

Beu, A.G. 1999. Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae of Yamaguchi Prefecture, western Honshu, Japan. The Yuriyagai 7(1): 1-91 [44]

Beu, A.G., Bouchet, P. & Tröndlé, J. 2012. Tonnoidean gastropods of French Polynesia. Molluscan Research 32(2): 61-120 [67-68, fig. 2E]

Cernohorsky, W.O. 1967. The Bursidae, Cymatiidae and Colubrariidae of Fiji. Veliger 9(3): 310-329 [312, figs 1-3, 6, 11]

Coleman, N. 1975. What Shell is That? Sydney : Lansdowne Press 298 pp. [107, pl. 316]

Demond, J. 1957. Micronesian reef associated gastropods. Pacific Science 11(3): 275–341, fig. 2, pl. 1 [308]

Dufo, M.H. 1840. Observations sur les Mollusques marins, terrestres et fluviatiles des iles Séchelles et des Amirantes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris 2 14, Zoologie: 45–80 (extrait), 166–221(suite) [54] (as Ranella granifera)

Habe, T. 1964. Shells of the western Pacific in color. Osaka : Hoikusha Vol. 2 233 pp., 66 pls. [76, pl. 24, fig. 5]

Hedley, C. 1899. The Mollusca of Funafuti. Part 1. Gastropoda. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 3(7): 395–488, 49 text figs [Date published March 6] [457] (as Gyrineum affine)

Hinton, A. 1972. Shells of New Guinea and the central Indo-Pacific. Milton : Jacaranda Press xviii 94 pp. [12, fig. 22]

Iredale, T. & McMichael, D.F. 1962. A reference list of the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 11: 1–109 [55]

Kay, E.A. 1979. Hawaiian marine shells. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Section 4 : Mollusca. Honolulu, Hawaii : Bishop Museum Press Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication Vol. 64(4) 653 pp. [227, fig. 80A]

Maes, V.O. 1967. The littoral marine mollusks of Cocos-Keeling Islands (Indian Ocean). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 119: 93–217 [128]

McMichael, D.F. 1960. Shells of the Australian sea-shore. Brisbane : Jacaranda Press 127 pp., 287 figs. [Date published December] [78, fig. 160]

Reeve, L.A. 1844. Monograph of the genus Ranella. pls 1-8 in Reeve, L.A. (ed.). Conchologica Iconica. London : Reeve & Bentham Vol. 2. [pl. 4, fig. 19] (as Ranella affinis)

Salvat, B. & Rives, C. 1975. Coquillages de Polynésie. Tahiti : Papéete Les editions du pacifique, 391 pp. [307, fig. 179]

Satyamurti, S.T. 1952. Mollusca of Krusadai Is. I. Amphineura and Gastropoda. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum, Natural History ns 1(no. 2, pt 6): 267 pp., 34 pls [142, figs 3a, b]

Schepman, M.M. 1909. The Prosobranchia of the Siboga Expedition. Part 2. Taenioglossa and Ptenoglossa. 109-231, pls 10-16 in Weber, M. (ed.). Siboga Expeditie. Leiden : Brill Vol. 49. [119] (as B. (Colubrellina) affinis)

Tantanasiriwong, R. 1978. An illustrated checklist of marine shelled gastropods from Phuket Island, adjacent mainland and offshore islands, Western Peninsula, Thailand. Phuket Marine Biological Center, Research Bulletin 21: 1-22, 259 figs [12, fig. 167]

Wells, F.E. & Bryce, C.W. 1986. Seashells of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 207 pp. [84, pl. 2, fig. 278]

Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp. [226, pl. 43, figs 11a-b, 12]

Wilson, B.R. & Gillett, K. 1971. Australian shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. Sydney : Reed Books 168 pp. [80, pl. 54, fig. 7]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Jun-2021 TONNOIDEA 18-Jul-2012 MODIFIED Mr Des Beechey (AM) Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM)
08-Mar-2012 MODIFIED