Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

1 December 1999 - Andrew A. Calder, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia


This is a small family represented in Australia by a single genus Notodascillus Carter containing two species (Carter 1935). Worldwide the family contains 15 genera and about 80 species arranged in three subfamilies: Cinnabarinae, Dascillinae and Karumiinae. The Cinnabarinae contains the genus Coptocera Murray from southeast Asia. The Dascillinae is represented by five genera and occurs in mesic and humid parts of western North America and Eurasia, as well as eastern Australia (Notodascillus). The adults are floricolous and the larvae live freely in the soil feeding on organic matter (Lawrence 1982). The Karumiinae, which is sometimes regarded as a family in its own right (see Crowson 1971; Solervicens 1991), contains nine genera and occurs in arid regions of North and South America, north Africa and Asia Minor. It is thought they are associated with termites and all known females are flightless (Lawrence & Newton 1995).



Dascillid adults are elongate, parallel-sided beetles ranging in length from 7.5 to 12 mm. They are light to dark brown beetles clothed with a greyish decumbent pubescence that forms narrow stripes on the elytra. The antennae are serrate and are not borne on tubercles. The pronotum is transverse with complete lateral carinae that are visible from above. The procoxae are transverse with exposed trochantins and the procoxal cavities are open behind both internally and externally. The mesocoxae are narrowly separated and the mesocoxal cavities are partly closed by the mesepisternum. The hindwing has a very short radial cell and no anal (wedge) cell. The tarsi are 5-segmented and bilobed, with tarsal segments 3 and 4 lamellate ventrally. The tarsal claws lack an empodium (Lawrence & Britton 1994).

Larvae are C-shaped with a large hypognathous head without stemmata, complex epipharyngeal and hypopharyngeal armature, well developed legs and cribriform spiracles. A well developed mandibular mola is present. The maxilla has a galea and lacinia that are falciform. The labrum is partly fused to the clypeus and antennae are 2-segmented with a sensorium at the apex. Tergite 9 bears a pair of minute urogomphi (Lawrence 1982).


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
11-Feb-2013 11-Feb-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)