Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAVS: 1527

Species Cervus unicolor Kerr, 1792


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Introduced from India, Sri Lanka and unknown locality.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, NT, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Arnhem (CA), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Flinders (FLI), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Australian Capital Territory
    • New South Wales: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Northern Territory: N coastal
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Folivore, herbivore, montane, open forest, terrestrial.


General References

Anderson, R. 1978. Gold on Four Feet.Commercial deer farming: a new rural industry of outstanding potential. Collingwood : R. Anderson & Assoc. 160 pp.

Anderson, R. 1979. Deer farming in Australia. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 55-71

Bentley, A. 1978. An Introduction to the Deer of Australia with Special Reference to Victoria. Melbourne : R.A. Manning for the Koetong Trust Service Fund, Forests Comm., Vic. 350 pp.

Bentley, A. 1995. Sambar Cervus unicolor. pp. 738-739 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Bentley, A. 1998. An Introduction to the Deer of Australia. Melbourne : Australian Deer Research Foundation.

Blanford, W.T. 1891. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. Part 2. London : Taylor & Francis pp. i-vi 251-617.

English, A.W. 1979. Veterinary aspects of deer farming in New South Wales. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 127-202-1 pl.

Gibb, J.A. & Flux, J.E.C. 1973. Mammals. pp. 334-371 in Williams, G.R. (ed.). The Natural History of New Zealand an Ecological Survey. Wellington : A.H. & A.W. Reed.

Keep, J.M. 1979. The distribution of wild deer in Australia. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 15-19 1 pl.

Letts, G.A., Bassingthwaighte, A. & de Vos, W.E.L. 1979. Feral Animals in the Northern Territory. Report of the Board of Inquiry 1979. N.T. : Govt. Printer xvi 234 pp.

Long, J.L. 1972. Introduced birds and mammals in Western Australia. Agricultural Protection Board Western Australia Technical Service 1: 1-30

Mason, E. 1994. Auditory and visual communications of sambar. Australian Deer 19: 22-26

Moriarty, A. 2004. The liberation, distribution and management of wild deer in Australia. Wildlife Research 31: 291-299

Peel, B., Bilney, R.J. & Bilney, R.J. 2005. Observations of the ecological impacts of Sambar Cervus unicolor in East Gippsland, Victoria, with reference to destruction of rainforest communities. Victorian Naturalist 122: 189-200

Schaller, G.B. 1967. The Deer and the Tiger. A study of wildlife in India. Chicago : Univ. Chicago Press 370 pp. 30 pls.

Van Bemmel, A.C.V. 1949. Review of the rusine deer in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Treubia 20: 191-262 pls 2-5

Whitehead, G.K. 1972. Deer of the World. London : Constable xii 194 pp. 33 pls.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Dec-2010 17-Feb-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)