Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAVS: 1517

Species Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Swamp Buffalo, Water Buffalo

Generic Combinations

  • Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758).




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Introduced from Indonesia.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Central Arnhem (CA), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Pine Creek (PCK), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW)

Ecological Descriptors

Diurnal, folivore, gregarious, herbivore, sedentary, springs, swamp, terrestrial, woodland.

Extra Ecological Information



General References

Bowman, M.J.S. & Robinson, C.J. 2002. The getting of the Nganabbarru: observations and reflections of Aboriginal buffalo hunting in northern Australia. Australian Geographer 33(2): 191-206

Caldwell, H.S. 1977. The Water Buffalo. Rome : FAO/UN xvi 283 pp.

Clutton-Brock, J. 1981. Domesticated Animals from Early Times. London : British Museum 208 pp.

Cockrill, W.R. (ed.) 1974. The Husbandry and Health of the Domestic Buffalo. Rome : FAO/UN xvi 993 pp.

Corbett, L.K. 1995. Swamp Buffalo Bubalus bubalis. pp. 723-725 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Ford, B.D. 1982. Productivity and management of the water buffalo in Australia. Northern Territory Department of Primary Production, Division of Agriculture and Stock, Technical Bulletin 61: i-v 1-40-8 pls

Ford, B.D. & Tulloch, D.G. 1982. The Australian Buffalo: a collection of papers. Technical Bulletin No. 62. Darwin : Department of Primary Production.

Friend, G.R. & Taylor, J.A. 1984. Ground surface features attributable to feral buffalo, Bubalus bubalis. II Their relationship to the abundance of small animal species. Australian Wildlife Research 11: 311-324

Groves, C.P. 1981. Systematic relationships in the Bovini (Artiodactyla, Bovidae). Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 19: 264-278

Haltenorth, T. 1963. Klassifikation der Säugetiere: Artiodactyla. Handbuch der Zoologie Berlin 8(teil 1, lfg. 32): 1-167 pls 1-16

Letts, G.A., Bassingthwaighte, A. & de Vos, W.E.L. 1979. Feral Animals in the Northern Territory. Report of the Board of Inquiry 1979. N.T. : Govt. Printer xvi 234 pp.

Long, J.L. 1972. Introduced birds and mammals in Western Australia. Agricultural Protection Board Western Australia Technical Service 1: 1-30

McKnight, T. 1976. Friendly vermin. A survey of feral livestock in Australia. University of California Publications in Geography 21: i-viii 1-104

Ridpath, M.G., Begg, R.J., Dudzinski, M.L., Forbes, M.A. & Graham, A. 1983. Counting the same populations of large tropical mammals from the ground and from the air. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 487-498

Skeat, A.J., East, T.J. & Corbett, L.K. 1996. Impacts of feral water buffalo. pp. 155-177 in Finlayson, C.M. & von Oertzen, I. (eds). Landscape and Vegetation Ecology of the Kakadu Region, Northern Australia. Netherlands : Kluwer.

Williams, C.K. & Ridpath, M.G. 1982. Rates of herbage ingestion and turnover of water and sodium in feral swamp buffalo, Bubalus bubalis, in relation to primary production in a cyperaceous swamp in monsoonal Northern Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 9: 397-408


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Dec-2010 16-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)