Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

September 2014 - ABRS

W.W.K. Houston, Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, ACT, Australia J.A.L. Watson, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, ACT, Australia Updated (1999) by A.A. Calder, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, ACT, Australia


The family Protoneuridae was recognised by Houston and Watson (1988) for Australia (as below), including the genus Notosticta Hagen. Now, however, following Carle et al. (2008) and TRheischinger and Endersby, Notosticta is assigned to subfamily Disparoneurinae in family Platycnemididae.

"The Protoneuridae is a cosmopolitan family of moderate size, which contains 20–25 recognized genera and some 250 described species (Davies 1981; Bridges 1994). The Australian species have been placed in the subfamily Disparoneurinae, but the distinction between this subfamily and the Protoneurinae appears to depend only on the form of the male anal appendages (cf. Fraser 1957). Watson (1992) concluded that as no clear-cut divisions were apparent between the three previously recognised subfamilies (Caconeurinae, Disparoneurinae and Protoneurinae) the Protoneuridae should be regarded as comprising a single subfamily. Watson & Theischinger (1984) regarded the Australian species as being protoneurine and placed them in the genus Nososticta, leaving undetermined the many New Guinean and other extralimital species hitherto placed in Notoneura, a subjective synonym of Nososticta. Watson & Theischinger (1984) also revised the Australian Nososticta. Hawking & Theischinger (1999) illustrate and diagnose the larva of Nososticta solida Hagen." Houston & Watson (1988).



Adult: two antenodal crossveins; postnodal crossveins usually aligned with crossveins behind them; discoidal cell almost rectangular; no supplementary intercalary longitudinal veins; CuP reduced, in Australian species to a cell-length beyond discoidal cell; anal vein atrophied.

Larva: labium short, flat, palps narrow, palpal setae present, premental setae variable, median lobe entire; caudal gills lamellate, short, denodate, the sides of the lamellae upright, the tracheae branching at acute angle to main axis.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
19-Jul-2012 19-Jul-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)