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CAVS: 1546

Species Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Southern Elephant Seal

Generic Combinations

  • Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758).

 

Distribution

Extra Distribution Information

Heard Is., distribution circumpolar mainly in subantarctic latitudes.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Macquarie Island Province (24), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34)

Other Regions

Heard & McDonald Islands (Aust. Terr.)

Ecological Descriptors

Gregarious, migratory, oceanic, pelagic, piscivore, predator.

Extra Ecological Information

Diet includes cephalopods.

 

General References

Arnborn, T., Fedak, M.A., Boyd, I.L. & McConnell, B.J. 1993. Variation in weaning mass of pups in relation to maternal mass, postweaning fast duration, and weaned pup behaviour in southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) at South Georgia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 1772-1781

Bell, C.M., Burton, H.R. & Hindell, M.A. 1997. Growth of southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, during their first foraging trip. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 447-458

Bell, C.M., Hindell, M.A.& Burton, H.R. 1997. Estimation of body mass in the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, by photogrammetry and morphometrics. Marine Mammal Science 13: 669-682

Bryden, M.M. 1988. Southern elephant seals as subjects for physiological research. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 122: 153-157

Bryden, M.M. 1995. Southern Elephant Seal Mirounga leonina. pp. 686-688 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Burton, H. 1986. A substantial decline in numbers of the southern elephant seal at Heard Island. Tasmanian Naturalist 86: 4-8

Burton, H.R. 1985. Tagging studies of male southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) in the Vestfold Hills area, Antarctica, and some aspects of their behaviour. pp. 19-30 in Ling, J.K. & Bryden, M.M. (eds). Studies of sea mammals in south latitudes. Adelaide : South Australian Museum 132 pp.

Fulton, W.N. 1990. First record of an Australian sea lion on the eastern Australian coast. Victorian Naturalist 107: 124-125

Gales, N.J. & Burton, H.R. 1987. Ultrasonic measurement of blubber thickness of the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina (Linn). Australian Journal of Zoology 35: 207-217

Green, K. & Burton, H.R. 1993. Comparison of the stomach contents of southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, at Macquarie and Heard Islands. Marine Mammal Science 9: 10-22

Griffiths, D.J. 1984. The annual cycle of the epididymis of the elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Journal of Zoology, London 203: 181-191

Griffiths, D.J. 1984. The annual cycle of the testis of the elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Journal of Zoology, London 203: 193-204

Griffiths, D.J. 1985. Endocrine regulation of seasonal breeding in the male southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. pp. 31-40 in Ling, J.K. & Bryden, M.M. (eds). Studies of sea mammals in south latitudes. Adelaide : South Australian Museum 132 pp.

Griffiths D.J. & Bryden, M.M. 1986. Adenohypophysis of the elephant seal (Mirounga leonina): morphology and seasonal histological changes. American Journal of Anatomy 176: 483-496

Hindell, M.A. 1991. Some life-history parameters of a declining population of southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina. Journal of Animal Ecology 60: 119-134

Hindell, M.A., Bryden, M.M. & Burton, H.R. 1994. Early growth and milk composition in southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina). Australian Journal of Zoology 42: 723-732

Hindell, M.A., Burton, H.R. & Slip, D.J. 1991. Foraging areas of southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, as inferred from water temperature data. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 42: 115-128

Hindell, M.A., Slip, D.J. & Burton, H.R. 1991. The diving behaviour of adult male and female southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina (Pinnipedia: Phocidae). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39: 595-619

Hindell, M.A., Slip, D.J. & Burton, H.R. 1994. Body mass loss of moulting female southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, at Macquarie Island. Polar Biology 14: 275-278

Hindell, M.A. & Burton, H.R. 1987. Past and present status of the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Journal of Zoology, London 213: 365-380

Hindell, M.A. & Burton, H.R. 1988. Seasonal haul-out patterns of the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina L.), at Macquarie Island. Journal of Mammalogy 69: 81-88

Hindell, M.A. & Burton, H.R. 1988. The history of the elephant seal industry at Macquarie Island and an estimate of the pre-sealing numbers. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 122: 159-176

Hindell, M.A. & Little, G.J. 1988. Longevity, fertility and philopatry of two female southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Marine Mammal Science 4: 168-171

Jonker, F.C. & Bester, M.N. 1994. The diving behaviour of adult southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, cows from Marion Island. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 24: 75-93

King, J.E. 1983. Seals of the World. 2nd Edition. St Lucia : Univ. Queensland Press 240 pp.

Krockenberger, M.B. & Bryden, M.M. 1993. Energy intake of immature elephant seals, Mirounga leonina (Carnivora: Phocidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 41: 589-597

Krockenberger, M.B. & Bryden, M.M. 1994. Rate of passage of digesta through the alimentary tract of southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) (Carnivora: Phocidae). Journal of Zoology, London 234: 229-237

Le Boeuf, B.J. & Laws, R.M. (eds) 1994. Elephant Seals: Population Ecology, Behaviour, and Pysiology. Berkeley : University of California Press.

Ling, J.K. & Bryden, M.M. 1981. Southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina Linnaeus, 1758. pp. 297-327 in Ridgway, S.H. & Harrison, R.J. (eds). Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 2. Seals. London : Academic Press.

Ling, J.K. & Bryden, M.M. 1992. Mirounga leonina. Mammalian Species 391: 1-8

Little, G.J. 1991. Thyroid morphology and function and its role in thermoregulation in the newborn southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) at Macquarie Island. Journal of Anatomy 176: 55-70

Little, G.J., Bryden, M.M. & Barnes, A. 1987. Growth from birth to 20 days in the elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, at Macquarie Island. Australian Journal of Zoology 35: 307-312

Little, G.L. 1995. Body temperature in the newborn southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, at Macquarie Island. Marine Mammal Science 11: 480-490

McCann, T.S. 1985. Size, status and demography of southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) populations. pp. 1-17 in Ling, J.K. & Bryden, M.M. (eds). Studies of sea mammals in south latitudes. Adelaide : South Australian Museum 132 pp.

Pemberton, D. & Skira, I.J. 1989. Elephant seals in Tasmania. Victorian Naturalist 106: 202-204

Slip, D.J. 1995. The diet of southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) from Heard Island. Canadian Journal of Zoology 1995: 1519-1528

Slip, D.J., Burton, H.R. & Gales, N.J. 1992. Determining blubber mass in the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, by ultrasonic and isotopic techniques. Australian Journal of Zoology 40: 143-152

Slip, D.J., Gales, N.J. & Burton, H.R. 1992. Bodymass loss, utilisation of blubber and fat, and energetic requirements of male southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, during the moulting fast. Australian Journal of Zoology 40: 235-243

Woods, R., McLean, S., Nicol, S. & Burton, H. 1995. Antagonism of some cyclohexamine-based drug combinations used for chemical restraint of southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina). Australian Veterinary Journal 72: 165-171

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
14-Dec-2010 16-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)