Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

December 2010 - Updated by Stephen M. Jackson, c/- Queensland Museum, Brisbane, following Van Dyck & Strahan (2008)

J.A. Mahoney & D.W. Walton (1988); updated by Barry J. Richardson (1999), Centre for Biostructural and Biomolecular Research, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury


The family Suidae, order Artiodactyla, contains the swine. The group is not native to Australia though one species has been introduced, Sus scrofa.

The dental formula is 1-3/3, 1/1, 2-4/2-4, 3/3 = 34-44. The upper canines grow continuously, curving outwards to form tusks. A postorbital bar is not present as the processes of the frontals and jugals do not meet. The metapodials are unfused and four digits are found on each foot. Horns are not present on animals of either sex.

Most species are omnivorous and a two-chambered stomach is present. The group was found originally in the Palaearctic, Oriental and Ethiopian faunal Regions, though the domestic pig has been distributed widely throughout the warmer parts of the world. Most species prefer forest or thick brush habitats.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Dec-2010 16-Dec-2010 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)