Vascular Plants Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)

Showing Tribulus
Zygophyllaceae R.Br.
Tribulus L. , legitimate, scientific
Linnaeus, C. (1 May 1753), Species Plantarum 1: 386 [tax. nov.]
  • Type: (not designated).
Linnaeus, C. (1754), Genera Plantarum Edn. 5: 183 [secondary reference]
Brown, R. in Sturt, C. (1849), Botanical Appendix. Narrative of an Expedition into Central Australia 2: 69 [secondary reference]
Mueller, F.J.H. von (February 1862), Thalamiflorae. The Plants Indigenous to the Colony of Victoria 1: 99 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Tribulopis R.Br. legitimate
Bentham, G. (30 May 1863), Flora Australiensis 1: 287 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Tribulopis R.Br. legitimate
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1882), Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 13 [secondary reference]
Mueller, F.J.H. von (December 1889), Second Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 22 BHL [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Tribulopsis F.Muell. orth. var.
Dixon, W.A. (1906), The Plants of New South Wales: 52 [secondary reference]
Vail, A.M. & Rydberg, P.A. (1907), North American Flora: 109 [secondary reference]
  • Lectotype: Tribulus terrestris L.
Bailey, F.M. (1913), Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 72 [secondary reference]
Black, J.M. (1924), Casuarinaceae - Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia 2: 335 [secondary reference]
  • Etymology: Latin for the military instrument called the "caltrop," from Greek tribolos, on account of the 3 upturned points; also applied to T. terrestris.
Black, J.M. (January 1948), Casuarinaceae-Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 2: 490 [secondary reference]
  • Etymology: "Greco-Latin for the 4-pointed military instrument called the "caltrop," employed to lame advancing cavalry, with 3 of the points always upturned; a name also applied to T. terrestris."
Steenis, C.G.G.J. van (December 1949), Zygophyllaceae. Flora Malesiana Series I 4(2): 64 [secondary reference]
Burbidge, N.T. & Gray, M. (1970), Flora of the Australian Capital Territory: 238 [secondary reference]
Cronquist, A.J. (1981), An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants: 818, 819 [secondary reference]
Eichler, Hj. in Jessop, J.P. (ed.) (1981), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of Central Australia: 183 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. & Pickard, J. (1981), Plants of New South Wales: 211 [secondary reference]
Henderson, R.J.F. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1984), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 1: 403 [secondary reference]
Wheeler, J.R. in Marchant, N.G., Wheeler, J.R., Rye, B.L., Bennett, E.M., Lander, N.S. & Macfarlane, T.D. (1987), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of the Perth Region 1: 491 [secondary reference]
Lawrence, M.E. in Wheeler, J.R. (ed.) (1992), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of the Kimberley Region: 678 [secondary reference]
Wilson, K.L. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1992), Tribulus. Flora of New South Wales 3: 12 [secondary reference]
Telford, I.R.H. (1993), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of Australia 50: 307 [secondary reference]
Barker, R.M. (17 February 1998), A trial key and notes on Tribulus (Zygophyllaceae) in Australia, including one new species and validation of Tribulus suberosus. Nuytsia 12(1): 9 [secondary reference]
Jeanes, J.A. in Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (ed.) (1999), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of Victoria 4: 206 [secondary reference]
Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2007), Australian Plant Census: - APC [secondary reference]
pro parte misapplication: Kallstroemia Scop. legitimate by Engler, H.G.A. in Engler, H.G.A. & Prantl, K.A.E. (ed.) (December 1890), Zygophyllaceae. Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 4(52): 88
  • APC Comment: The rank and circumscription of some taxa within Tribulus is problematic and it is sometimes unclear whether they are native or naturalised. For discussion see R.M. Barker, Nuytsia 12: 9-35 (1998).
  • APC Dist.: WA (native and naturalised), AR, NT (native and naturalised), SA (native and naturalised), Qld, CSI, NSW (native and naturalised), ACT (naturalised), Vic (native and naturalised)
Sheahan, M.C. in Kubitzki, K. (ed.) (2007), Zygophyllaceae. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 9: 496-497, Fig. 173 [secondary reference]
Mabberley, D.J. (1 May 2008), Mabberley's Plant-Book Edn. 3: 868 [secondary reference]
Barker, R.M. in Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (2013), Zygophyllaceae. Flora of Australia 26: 525-526 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Kallstroemia sect. Thamnozygium Engl. legitimate
  • Etymology: "from tribulus, Latin or Greek for caltrop, the common name for species belonging to this speices; a caltrop was a 4-pointed weapon which when placed on the ground always had one point erect to lame advancing cavalry."