Vascular Plants

APC: Verbenaceae
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(old) current version.

APC (version 51471237) published 2/12/21 by amonro
APC Dist.
WA (naturalised), CoI (naturalised), ChI (naturalised), NT (native and naturalised), SA (naturalised), Qld (native and naturalised), NSW (native and naturalised), LHI (naturalised), NI (naturalised), ACT (native and naturalised), Vic (native and naturalised), Tas (naturalised)
Plantae / Charophyta / Equisetopsida / Magnoliidae / Asteranae / Lamiales
41 sub taxa
Citharexylum spinosum L., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Citharexylum fruticosum L., nom. illeg. (1759) taxonomic synonymCitharexylum quadrangulare Jacq., legitimate (1760) taxonomic synonym
Duranta erecta L., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Duranta repens L., legitimate (1 May 1753) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumieri Jacq., nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (1763) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumeri Stanley, orth. var. (1986) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumieri var. alba Mast., legitimate (14 January 1888) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumieri ellisia Woodrow, nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (1889) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumieri var. normalis F.M.Bailey, nom. inval. (1913) taxonomic synonymDuranta plumieri f. variegata F.M.Bailey, legitimate (1913) taxonomic synonym
Glandularia aristigera (S.Moore) Tronc., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena aristigera S.Moore, legitimate (1895) nomenclatural synonymVerbena tenera Spreng., legitimate (1825) doubtful taxonomic synonymVerbena dissecta Morong, legitimate (1904) taxonomic synonymVerbena tenuisecta Briq., legitimate (1904) taxonomic synonymGlandularia tenuisecta (Briq.) Small, legitimate (1933) taxonomic synonymVerbena erinoides Lam., legitimatemisapplication by Beadle, N.C.W., Evans, O.D. & Carolin, R.C. (1962), Handbook of the Vascular Plants of the Sydney District and Blue MountainsVerbena erinoides Lam., legitimatemisapplication by Hnatiuk, R.J. (ed.) (1990), Census of Australian Vascular Plants
Lantana camara L., legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Lantana camara L. var. camara, legitimate (1800) nomenclatural synonymLantana camara L. subsp. camara, legitimate (2006) nomenclatural synonymLantana aculeata L., legitimate (1 May 1753) taxonomic synonymCamara aculeata (L.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke, legitimate (1934) taxonomic synonymLantana camara subsp. aculeata (L.) R.W.Sanders, legitimate (2006) taxonomic synonymLantana mista L., legitimate (October 1767) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. mista (L.) L.H.Bailey, legitimate (1900) taxonomic synonymLantana flava Medik., legitimate (1775) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. flava (Medik.) Moldenke, legitimate (1942) taxonomic synonymLantana sanguinea Medik., legitimate (1775) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. sanguinea (Medik.) L.H.Bailey, legitimate (1900) taxonomic synonymLantana splendens Medik., legitimate (1775) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. splendens (Medik.) Moldenke, legitimate (1976) taxonomic synonymLantana tiliaefolia Cham., orth. var. (1832) taxonomic synonymLantana nivea Vent., legitimate (1803) taxonomic synonymLantana nivea Vent. subsp. nivea, legitimate (2006) taxonomic synonymLantana crocea Jacq., legitimate (1804) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. crocea (Jacq.) L.H.Bailey, legitimate (1900) taxonomic synonymLantana nivea var. mutabilis Hook., legitimate (1831) taxonomic synonymLantana camara var. mutabilis (Hook.) L.H.Bailey, legitimate (1900) taxonomic synonymLantana nivea subsp. mutabilis (Hook.) R.W.Sanders, legitimate (2006) taxonomic synonymLantana tiliifolia Cham., legitimate (1832) taxonomic synonymLantana depressa Small, legitimate (1905) taxonomic synonymLantana depressa Small var. depressa, legitimate (1987) taxonomic synonymLantana x strigocamara R.W.Sanders, legitimate (2006) taxonomic synonym
Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq., legitimate Munir, A.A. (29 August 1996), A taxonomic review of Lantana camara L. and L. montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 17 Lippia montevidensis Spreng., legitimate (1825) nomenclatural synonymCamara montevidensis (Spreng.) Kuntze, legitimate (1898) nomenclatural synonymLantana sellowiana Link & Otto, legitimate (1821) taxonomic synonymCamara sellowiana (Link & Otto) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) taxonomic synonymLippia megapotamica Spreng., legitimate (1827) taxonomic synonymLantana delicatissima Poit., legitimate (1852) taxonomic synonym
Lippia L., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Zappania Scop., legitimate (1786) taxonomic synonymZapania Lam., orth. var. (1791) taxonomic synonymDipterocalyx Cham., legitimate (1832) taxonomic synonymLippia sect. Goniostachyum Schauer, legitimate (1847) taxonomic synonymGoniostachyum (Schauer) Small, legitimate (1903) taxonomic synonym
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson, legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Lantana alba Mill., legitimate (1768) nomenclatural synonymVerbena globiflora L'Hér., legitimate (1786) taxonomic synonymLippia globiflora (L'Hér.) Kuntze, legitimate (1898) taxonomic synonymLippia globiflora (L'Hér.) Kuntze var. globiflora, legitimate (1898) taxonomic synonymZappania odoratissima Scop., legitimate (1786) taxonomic synonymZappania lantanoides Lam., legitimate (1791) taxonomic synonymZapania lantanoides Lam., orth. var. (1791) taxonomic synonymLantana lavandulacea Willd., legitimate (1800) taxonomic synonymVerbena capensis Thunb., legitimate (1800) taxonomic synonymLippia asperifolia A.Rich. ex Marthe, legitimate (1801) taxonomic synonymZappania odorata Pers., legitimate (1806) taxonomic synonymZapania odorata Pers., orth. var. (1806) taxonomic synonymVerbena odorata (Pers.) Steud., legitimate (1821) taxonomic synonymLippia geminata Kunth, legitimate (1818) taxonomic synonymLantana geminata (Kunth) Spreng., legitimate (1825) taxonomic synonymLippia geminata Kunth var. geminata, legitimate (1862) taxonomic synonymZappania geminata (Kunth) Gibert, legitimate (1873) taxonomic synonymZapania geminata Gibert, orth. var. (1873) taxonomic synonymLippia globiflora var. geminata (Kunth) Kuntze, legitimate (1898) taxonomic synonymLantana mollissima Desf., legitimate (1829) taxonomic synonymLippia citrata Cham., legitimate (1832) taxonomic synonymLantana lippioides Hook. & Arn., legitimate (1839) taxonomic synonymLippia scabra Hochst., legitimate (1845) taxonomic synonymLippia geminata var. microphylla Griseb., legitimate (1862) taxonomic synonymLippia globiflora var. microphylla (Griseb.) Kuntze, legitimate (1898) taxonomic synonymLippia panamensis Turcz., legitimate (1863) taxonomic synonymLippia lantanifolia F.Muell., legitimate (1868) taxonomic synonymLippia lantanoides J.M.Coult., legitimate (1892) taxonomic synonymLippia javanica (Burm.f.) Spreng., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Meeuse, A.D.J. (1942), Notes on Javanese Verbenaceae. Blumea 5(1)
Phyla Lour., legitimate Munir, A.A. (23 July 1993), A taxonomic revision of the genus Phyla Lour. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 15(2) Platonia Raf., legitimate (1808) taxonomic synonymDiototheca Raf., legitimate (1817) taxonomic synonymPanope Raf., legitimate (1837) taxonomic synonymPiarimula Raf., legitimate (1837) taxonomic synonymCryptocalyx Benth., legitimate (1839) taxonomic synonymLippia L., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Bentham, G. (1870), Flora Australiensis 5
Phyla canescens (Kunth) Greene, legitimate CHAH (2014), Australian Plant Census Lippia canescens Kunth, legitimate (1818) nomenclatural synonymZappania canescens (Kunth) Gibert, legitimate (1873) nomenclatural synonymLippia nodiflora f. canescens (Kunth) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymPhyla nodiflora var. canescens (Kunth) Moldenke, legitimate (1934) nomenclatural synonymLippia nodiflora var. minor Hook., legitimate (1830) taxonomic synonymPhyla nodiflora var. minor (Hook.) N.O'Leary & Mulgura, legitimate (2012) taxonomic synonymZappania nodiflora var. rosea D.Don, legitimate (1834) taxonomic synonymZapania nodiflora var. rosea D.Don, orth. var. (1834) taxonomic synonymPhyla nodiflora var. rosea (D.Don) Moldenke, legitimate (1941) taxonomic synonymLippia nodiflora var. rosea (D.Don) Munz, legitimate (1958) taxonomic synonymLippia nodiflora (L.) Michx., legitimatemisapplication by Ewart, A.J. (1931), Flora of VictoriaPhyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, legitimatemisapplication by Willis, J.H. (1973), A Handbook to Plants in Victoria Edn. 2, 2Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, legitimatemisapplication by Munir, A.A. in Jessop, J.P. & Toelken, H.R. (ed.) (1986), Flora of South Australia Edn. 4, 3Lippia nodiflora var. repens (Bertol.) Schauer, legitimatemisapplication by Ewart, A.J. (1931), Flora of VictoriaLippia nodiflora var. sarmentosa (Willd.) Schauer, legitimatemisapplication by Ewart, A.J. (1931), Flora of Victoria
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, legitimate CHAH (2014), Australian Plant Census Verbena nodiflora L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonymBlairia nodiflora (L.) Gaertn., legitimate (1788) nomenclatural synonymZapania nodiflora Lam., orth. var. (1791) nomenclatural synonymZappania nodiflora (L.) Lam., legitimate (1791) nomenclatural synonymLippia nodiflora (L.) Michx., legitimate (1803) nomenclatural synonymPlatonia nodiflora (L.) Raf., nom. illeg. (1808) nomenclatural synonymPlatonia nudiflora Raf., orth. var. (1808) nomenclatural synonymLippia nodiflora var. normalis Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonym
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene var. nodiflora, legitimate CHAH (2014), Australian Plant Census Verbena capitata Forssk., legitimate (1775) taxonomic synonymPhyla chinensis Lour., legitimate (1790) taxonomic synonymLippia reptans Kunth, legitimate (1818) taxonomic synonymPhyla nodiflora var. reptans (Kunth) Moldenke, legitimate (1934) taxonomic synonymLippia nodiflora var. normalis Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) taxonomic synonymPhyla nodiflora var. longifolia Moldenke, legitimate (1941) taxonomic synonym
Stachytarpheta Vahl, nom. cons. CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Valerianoides Medik., nom. rej. (1789) taxonomic synonymVermicularia Moench, nom. rej. (1802) taxonomic synonymCymburus Salisb., legitimate (1806) taxonomic synonym
Stachytarpheta x adulterina Urb. & Ekman, legitimate Munir, A.A. (30 January 1992), A taxonomic revision of Stachytarpheta Vahl (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 14(2) Valerianoides jamaicense (L.) Kuntze x Valerianoides mutabilis (Jacq.) Kuntze, legitimate (1910) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl x Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl, legitimate (1940) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl x Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, legitimate (1921) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta x trimenii Rech., legitimatemisapplication by Danser, B.H. (1929), Uber die Niederlandisch-Indischen Stachytarpeta-Arten und ihre Bastarde, nebst Betrachtungen über die Begrenzung der Arten im Allgemeinen. Annales de Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg 40
Stachytarpheta australis Moldenke, legitimate Munir, A.A. (30 January 1992), A taxonomic revision of Stachytarpheta Vahl (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 14(2) Stachytarpheta dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl, legitimatepro parte misapplication by Lopez-Palacios, S. (1977), Flora de Venezuela: Verbenaceae
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl, legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Stachytarpheta cajanensis Vahl, orth. var. (1804) orthographic variantStachytarpheta urticaefolia Sims, orth. var. (1816) orthographic variantStachytarpheta veronicaefolia Cham., orth. var. (1832) orthographic variantVerbena cayennensis Rich., legitimate (1792) nomenclatural synonymValerianoides cayennense (Rich.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymAbena cayennensis (Rich.) Hitchc., legitimate (1893) nomenclatural synonymVerbena dichotoma Ruiz & Pav., legitimate (1798) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl, legitimate (1804) taxonomic synonymCymburus urticaefolius Salisb., legitimate (1806) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta urticifolia (Salisb.) Sims, legitimate (1816) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta hirta Kunth, legitimate (1818) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta veronicifolia Cham., legitimate (1832) taxonomic synonymLippia cylindrica Scheele, legitimate (1843) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta guatemalensis Moldenke, legitimate (1940) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta tabascana Moldenke, legitimate (1940) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl, legitimatemisapplication by Cooke, T. (1967), The Flora of the Presidency of Bombay 2
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena jamaicensis L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonymZappania jamaicensis (L.) Lam., legitimate (1791) nomenclatural synonymValerianoides jamaicense (L.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymAbena jamaicensis (L.) Hitchc., legitimate (1893) nomenclatural synonymStachytarpheta indica var. jamaicensis (L.) Razi, legitimate (1946) nomenclatural synonymStachytarpheta marginata Vahl, legitimate (1804) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta pilosiuscula Kunth, legitimate (1818) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta bogoriensis Zoll. & Moritzi, legitimate (1846) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta villosa Turcz., legitimate (1863) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta friedrichsthalii Hayek, legitimate (1907) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta jamaicensis f. albiflora Standl., legitimate (1929) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl, legitimatepro parte misapplication by Schauer, J.C. in Candolle, A.L.P.P. de (ed.) (1847), Verbenaceae. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 11Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl, legitimatemisapplication by Baker, E.G. in Andrews, C.W. (1900), Gamopetalae. A Monograph of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)
Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl, legitimate Munir, A.A. (30 January 1992), A taxonomic revision of Stachytarpheta Vahl (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 14(2) Verbena mutabilis Jacq., legitimate (1789) nomenclatural synonymZappania mutabilis (Jacq.) Lam., legitimate (1791) nomenclatural synonymCymburus mutabilis (Jacq.) Salisb., legitimate (1806) nomenclatural synonymValerianoides mutabilis (Jacq.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymVerbena mutabilis Jacq., nom. inval., nom. nud. (1786) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta zuccagni Roem. & Schult., legitimate (1817) taxonomic synonym
Stachytarpheta x trimenii Rech., legitimate Munir, A.A. (30 January 1992), A taxonomic revision of Stachytarpheta Vahl (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 14(2) Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl x Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl, legitimate (1913) nomenclatural synonymStachytarpheta x abortiva Danser, legitimate (1929) taxonomic synonymStachytarpheta x speciosa Danser, legitimate (1929) taxonomic synonym
Verbena africana (R.Fern. & Verdc.) P.W.Michael, legitimate CHAH (2011), Australian Plant Census Verbena officinalis subsp. africana R.Fern. & Verdc., legitimate (1989) nomenclatural synonymVerbena officinalis var. africana (R.Fern. & Verdc.) Munir, legitimate (28 May 2002) nomenclatural synonymVerbena officinalis var. natalensis Hochst. ex C.Krauss, legitimatemisapplication by O'Leary, N., Mulgura, M.E. & Morrone, O. (2010), Revision Taxonomica de las Especies del Genero Verbena (Verbenaceae). II: Serie Verbena. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(3)
Verbena bonariensis L., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena bonariensis L. var. bonariensis, legitimate (1904) nomenclatural synonymVerbena bonariensis var. conglomerata Briq., legitimate (1904) taxonomic synonym
Verbena x brasiliensis Vell., legitimate CHAH (2008), Australian Plant Census Verbena litoralis var. brasiliensis (Vell.) Briq., legitimate (1904) nomenclatural synonymVerbena litoralis var. brevibracteata (Kuntze) N.O'Leary, legitimate (2007) taxonomic synonym
Verbena caracasana Kunth, legitimate National Herbarium of New South Wales (2007), PlantNET Flora of New South Wales Online Verbena litoralis var. caracasana (Kunth) Briq., legitimate (1904) nomenclatural synonym
Verbena gaudichaudii (Briq.) P.W.Michael, legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Verbena officinalis var. gaudichaudii Briq., legitimate (1907) nomenclatural synonymVerbena officinalis subsp. (Yuleba R.Melville+ 3460), [n/a] (1994) taxonomic synonymVerbena sp. aff. officinalis (Gippsland), [n/a] (January 2000) taxonomic synonymVerbena officinalis subsp. Yuleba (R.Melville+ 3460) Qld Herbarium, [n/a] (2008) taxonomic synonymVerbena halei Small, legitimatemisapplication by O'Leary, N., Mulgura, M.E. & Morrone, O. (2010), Revision Taxonomica de las Especies del Genero Verbena (Verbenaceae). II: Serie Verbena. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(3)Verbena officinalis var. halei (Small) Munir, legitimatemisapplication by Munir, A.A. (28 May 2002), A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 20
Verbena incompta P.W.Michael, legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena bonariensis L., legitimatemisapplication by Maiden, J.H. (1898), Observations on the vegetation of Lord Howe Island. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 23(2)Verbena bonariensis L., legitimatemisapplication by Oliver, W.R.B. (1917), The vegetation and flora of Lord Howe Island. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 49Verbena bonariensis L., legitimatemisapplication by Rodd, A.N. & Pickard, J. (1983), Census of vascular flora of Lord Howe Island. Cunninghamia 1Verbena bonariensis L., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Munir, A.A. (28 May 2002), A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 20
Verbena litoralis Kunth, legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena litoralis Kunth var. litoralis, legitimate (1904) nomenclatural synonym
Verbena macrostachya F.Muell., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena officinalis var. macrostachya (F.Muell.) Benth., legitimate (1870) nomenclatural synonymVerbena officinalis var. eremicola Munir, legitimate (28 May 2002) taxonomic synonymVerbena officinalis L., legitimatemisapplication by Munir, A.A. in Jessop, J.P. (ed.) (1981), Verbenaceae. Flora of Central Australia
Verbena officinalis var. monticola Munir, legitimate CHAH (2011), Australian Plant Census Verbena officinalis var. natalensis Hochst. ex C.Krauss, legitimatepro parte misapplication by O'Leary, N., Mulgura, M.E. & Morrone, O. (2010), Revision Taxonomica de las Especies del Genero Verbena (Verbenaceae). II: Serie Verbena. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(3)
Verbena quadrangularis Vell., legitimate National Herbarium of New South Wales (2007), PlantNET Flora of New South Wales Online Verbena x brasiliensis Vell., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Conn, B.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1992), Verbenaceae. Flora of New South Wales 3
Verbena rigida Spreng., legitimate CHAH (2006), Australian Plant Census Verbena rigida Spreng. var. rigida, legitimate (1937) nomenclatural synonymVerbena venosa Gillies & Hook., legitimate (1830) taxonomic synonymVerbena scaberrima Cham., legitimate (1832) taxonomic synonym

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