Vascular Plants

APC: Violaceae
A tree element is an element of a classification tree structure (also known as a Node). The element holds the position of a Taxon Concept in an arrangement of taxon that we refer to generically as a tree.
  • At the bottom of this page are the citable links to this object or just use the icon. You can "right click" in most browsers to copy it or open it in a new browser tab.
(old) current version.

APC (version 51449534) published 22/10/21 by amonro
APC Dist.
WA (native and naturalised), NT, SA (native and naturalised), Qld (native and doubtfully naturalised), NSW (native and naturalised), LHI, NI (native and naturalised), ACT (native and naturalised), Vic (native and naturalised), Tas (native and naturalised)
Plantae / Charophyta / Equisetopsida / Magnoliidae / Rosanae / Malpighiales
64 sub taxa
Violaceae Batsch, nom. cons. CHAH (2008), Australian Plant Census Violariae Batsch, orth. var. (1802) orthographic variant
Afrohybanthus aurantiacus (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Flicker, legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Ionidium aurantiacum F.Muell. ex Benth., legitimate (30 May 1863) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus aurantiacus (F.Muell. ex Benth.) F.Muell., legitimate (1881) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus var. aurantiacus (F.Muell. ex Benth.) F.Muell., legitimate (1883) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus miniatus F.Muell., nom. inval., nom. nud. (1890) taxonomic synonymHybanthus miniatus F.Muell. & Tate, nom. inval., pro syn. (July 1895) taxonomic synonymHybanthus elegans Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonymHybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell., legitimatemisapplication by Black, J.M. (1952), Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 3
Afrohybanthus enneaspermus (L.) Flicker, legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Viola enneasperma L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonymIonidium enneaspermum (L.) Vent., legitimate (1803) nomenclatural synonymJonidium enneaspermum Schult., orth. var. (1819) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell., legitimate (1876) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enncaspermus F.Muell., orth. var. (1882) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell. var. enneaspermus, legitimate (1883) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria enneasperma (L.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell. f. enneaspermus, legitimate (1928) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell. subsp. enneaspermus, legitimate (14 November 1972) nomenclatural synonymViola suffruticosa L., legitimate (1 May 1753) taxonomic synonymIonidium suffruticosum (L.) Schult., legitimate (1824) taxonomic synonymHybanthus suffruticosus (L.) Baill. ex Laness., legitimate (1886) taxonomic synonymPigea banksiana Ging. ex DC., legitimate (1824) taxonomic synonymIonidium banksianum (Ging. ex DC.) Steud., legitimate (1840) taxonomic synonymHybanthus enneaspermus var. banksianus (Ging. ex DC.) Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonymHybanthus enneaspermus f. angustifolius Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonym
Afrohybanthus stellarioides (Domin) Flicker, legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Hybanthus enneaspermus var. stellarioides Domin, legitimate (1928) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus subsp. stellarioides (Domin) E.M.Benn., legitimate (14 November 1972) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus stellarioides (Domin) P.I.Forst., legitimate (24 May 1993) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus f. flavus Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonymHybanthus enneaspermus f. pubescens Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus Jacq., nom. cons. CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Calceolaria Loefl., nom. rej. (1758) taxonomic synonymSolea Spreng., legitimate (1801) taxonomic synonymIonidium Vent., nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (1803) taxonomic synonymJonidium Schult., orth. var. (1819) taxonomic synonymPigea Ging., legitimate (1823) taxonomic synonymVlamingia Buse ex de Vriese, legitimate (1845) taxonomic synonymClelandia J.M.Black, legitimate (1932) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus calycinus (DC.) F.Muell., legitimate Adams, L.G. & George, A.S. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1982), Violaceae. Flora of Australia 8 Pigea calycina DC., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymSolea calycina (DC.) Spreng., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymIonidium calycinum (DC.) Steud., legitimate (1840) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria calycina (DC.) Kuntze, nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymPigea glauca Endl., legitimate (April 1837) taxonomic synonymIonidium glaucum (Endl.) Steud., legitimate (1840) taxonomic synonymVlamingia australasiaca de Vriese, legitimate (1845) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus debilissimus F.Muell., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Ionidium debilissimum F.Muell., nom. inval., pro syn. (1878) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria debilissima (F.Muell.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonym
Hybanthus epacroides (C.A.Gardner) Melch., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Ionidium epacroides C.A.Gardner, legitimate (1923) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus floribundus var. minutifolia F.Muell., legitimate (1876) taxonomic synonymHybanthus bilobus C.A.Gardner, nom. inval., nom. nud. (May 1931) taxonomic synonymHybanthus bilobus C.A.Gardner, legitimate (26 July 1933) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus floribundus (Lindl.) F.Muell., legitimate Adams, L.G. & George, A.S. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1982), Violaceae. Flora of Australia 8 Pigea floribunda Lindl., legitimate (1838) nomenclatural synonymIonidium floribundum (Lindl.) Walp., legitimate (December 1843) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria floribunda (Lindl.) Kuntze, nom. illeg. (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonym
Hybanthus floribundus (Lindl.) F.Muell. subsp. floribundus, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Hybanthus floribundus (Lindl.) F.Muell. var. floribundus, legitimate (1876) nomenclatural synonymIonidium australasiae Behr, legitimate (1847) taxonomic synonymIonidium multiflorum Turcz., legitimate (3 May 1855) taxonomic synonymIonidium brevilabre Benth., legitimate (30 May 1863) taxonomic synonymHybanthus brevilabris (Benth.) Domin, legitimate (1923) taxonomic synonymClelandia convallis J.M.Black, legitimate (1932) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus monopetalus (Schult.) Domin, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Ionidium monopetalum Schult., legitimate (1819) nomenclatural synonymViola monopetala Schult., nom. inval., pro syn. (1819) nomenclatural synonymPigea monopetala (Schult.) Ging. ex DC., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymSolea monopetala (Schult.) Spreng., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria monopetala (Schult.) Hochr. ex Britten, nom. inval., nom. nud. (1900) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus monopetalus (Schult.) Domin var. monopetalus, legitimate (1928) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus monopetalus var. normalis Domin, nom. inval. (1928) nomenclatural synonymJonidium monopetalum Schult., orth. var. (1819) taxonomic synonymPigea filiformis Ging., legitimate (1823) taxonomic synonymIonidium filiforme (Ging.) F.Muell., legitimate (February 1862) taxonomic synonymHybanthus filiformis (Ging.) F.Muell., legitimate (1876) taxonomic synonymCalceolaria filiformis (Ging.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) taxonomic synonymJonidium filiforme Domin, orth. var. (1928) taxonomic synonymIonidium linearioides C.Presl, legitimate (1845) taxonomic synonymIonidium linaroides F.Muell., orth. var. (February 1862) taxonomic synonymJonidium linarioides Domin, orth. var. (1928) taxonomic synonymHybanthus tatei Tate, nom. inval., nom. nud. (1882) taxonomic synonymHybanthus tatei F.Muell., nom. inval., nom. nud. (1882) taxonomic synonymHybanthus tatei F.Muell. ex Tate, legitimate (1890) taxonomic synonymCalceolaria tatei (Tate) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) taxonomic synonymHybanthus monopetalus var. abbreviatus Domin, legitimate (1928) taxonomic synonym
Hybanthus vernonii (F.Muell.) F.Muell., legitimate Adams, L.G. & George, A.S. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1982), Violaceae. Flora of Australia 8 Ionidium vernonii F.Muell., legitimate (February 1862) nomenclatural synonymCalceolaria vernonii (F.Muell.) Kuntze, legitimate (5 November 1891) nomenclatural synonymHybanthus enneaspermus var. vernonii (F.Muell.) Domin, legitimate (1928) nomenclatural synonym
Melicytus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Hymenanthera R.Br., legitimate (1818) taxonomic synonym
Melicytus angustifolius (DC.) Garn.-Jones, legitimate Stajsic, V., Walsh, N.G., Douglas, R., Messina, A. & Molloy, B.P.J. (31 March 2015), A revision of Melicytus (Violaceae) in mainland Australia and Tasmania. Australian Systematic Botany 27(4) Hymenanthera angustifolia DC., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymHymenanthera dentata var. angustifolia (DC.) Benth., legitimate (30 May 1863) nomenclatural synonym
Melicytus angustifolius subsp. divaricatus Stajsic & R.F.Douglas, legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Hymenanthera banksii var. angustifolia Stirling, legitimate (1905) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. aff. dentata (Snowfields variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (1996) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. aff. dentata (Volcanic Plain variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (1996) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. Snowfields, [n/a] (1996) taxonomic synonymMelicytus sp. aff. dentatus (Snowfields variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonymMelicytus sp. aff. dentatus (Volcanic Plain variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. 1 aff. alpina Qld Herbarium, [n/a] (2005) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. (Mt Buffalo R.Melville 2561) Qld Herbarium, [n/a] (2005) taxonomic synonymMelicytus sp. Snowfields (N.G.Walsh 6202) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (2005) taxonomic synonymMelicytus sp. Volcanic Plain (V.Stajsic 3673) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (2005) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera angustifolia DC., legitimatemisapplication by Black, J.M. (1926), Meliaceae - Scrophulariaceae. Flora of South Australia 3Hymenanthera angustifolia DC., legitimatemisapplication by Black, J.M. (1929), Additions and Corrections. Flora of South Australia 4Hymenanthera angustifolia DC., legitimatemisapplication by Black, J.M. (1952), Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 3Hymenanthera dentata DC., legitimatemisapplication by Stanley, T.D. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986), Violaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 2Melicytus dentatus (DC.) Molloy & Mabb., legitimatemisapplication by CHAH (2005), Australian Plant CensusMelicytus dentatus (DC.) Molloy & Mabb., legitimatemisapplication by State Herbarium of South Australia (2007), Census of South Australian Plants, Algae and Fungi
Melicytus dentatus (DC.) Molloy & Mabb., legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Hymenanthera dentata DC., legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymHymenanthera dentata DC. var. dentata, legitimate (30 May 1863) nomenclatural synonymHymenanthera banksii F.Muell., nom. inval., nom. nud. (20 October 1853) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera banksii F.Muell., nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (February 1862) taxonomic synonymHymenanthera sp. aff. dentata (East Gippsland variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (1996) taxonomic synonymMelicytus sp. aff. dentatus (East Gippsland variant) Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonym
Melicytus latifolius (Endl.) P.S.Green, legitimate Green, P.S. in Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (1994), Norfolk Island & Lord Howe Island. Flora of Australia 49 Hymenanthera latifolia Endl., legitimate (1833) nomenclatural synonymSuttonia tenuifolia Hook.f., legitimate (1844) taxonomic synonym
Melicytus novae-zelandiae (A.Cunn.) P.S.Green, legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Scaevola novae-zelandiae A.Cunn., legitimate (1838) nomenclatural synonymHymenanthera novae-zelandiae (A.Cunn.) Hemsl., legitimate (1908) nomenclatural synonym
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. oblongifolius (A.Cunn. ex Heward) P.S.Green, legitimate Green, P.S. in Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (1994), Norfolk Island & Lord Howe Island. Flora of Australia 49 Hymenanthera oblongifolia A.Cunn. ex Heward, legitimate (1842) nomenclatural synonymHymenanthera dentata var. oblongifolia (A.Cunn. ex Heward) Kirk, legitimate (1890) nomenclatural synonymMelicytus ramiflorus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., legitimatemisapplication by Hooker, J.D. (1864), Handbook of the New Zealand Flora 1Melicytus ramiflorus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., legitimatemisapplication by Maiden, J.H. (1904), The Flora of Norfolk Island. Part i. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 28(4)Melicytus ramiflorus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., legitimatemisapplication by Laing, R.M. (1915), A revised list of the Norfolk Island flora, with some notes on the species. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 47Hymenanthera dentata DC., legitimatemisapplication by Maiden, J.H. (1904), The Flora of Norfolk Island. Part i. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 28(4)Whiteywood, [n/a] common name
Rinorea bengalensis (Wall.) Kuntze, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Rinorea australasica C.T.White, legitimate (1 April 1933) taxonomic synonym
Viola L., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Viola L. sect. Viola, legitimate (1982) nomenclatural synonymViola sect. Melanium DC., legitimate (1824) taxonomic synonymErpetion DC. ex Sweet, legitimate (1826) taxonomic synonymViola sect. Erpetion (DC. ex Sweet) Benth. & Hook.f., legitimate (7 August 1862) taxonomic synonym
Viola arvensis Murray, legitimate Adams, L.G. & George, A.S. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1982), Violaceae. Flora of Australia 8 Viola tricolor L., legitimatemisapplication by Willis, J.H. (1973), A Handbook to Plants in Victoria Edn. 2, 2Field Pansy, [n/a] common name
Viola banksii K.R.Thiele & Prober, legitimate CHAH (2016), Australian Plant Census Viola hederacea var. elatines Ging., legitimate (1824) taxonomic synonymViola reniformis Ging., nom. inval., pro syn. (1824) taxonomic synonymErpetion reniforme Sweet, legitimate (1826) taxonomic synonymViola reniformis (Sweet) Endl., nom. illeg. (1842) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. reniformis (Sweet) Siebert & Voss, legitimate (1895) taxonomic synonymViola sp. aff. hederacea (cultivated), [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea Labill., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Banks, J. & Solander, D.C. (1900), Illustrations of Australian plants collected in 1770 during Captain Cook's voyage round the world 1
Viola betonicifolia Sm. subsp. betonicifolia, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Viola betonicifolia Sm. var. betonicifolia, legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymViola betonicifolia Sm. f. betonicifolia, legitimate (1975) nomenclatural synonymViola betonicifolia var. longiscapa DC., legitimate (1824) taxonomic synonymViola longiscapa (DC.) G.Don, legitimate (1831) taxonomic synonymViola phyteumifolia G.Don, legitimate (1831) taxonomic synonymViola phyteumaefolia G.Don, orth. var. (1831) taxonomic synonymViola betonicifolia subsp. australiensis W.Becker, nom. inval. (1917) taxonomic synonym
Viola eminens K.R.Thiele & Prober, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Viola hederacea f. C, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola sp. aff. hederacea (large flowers), [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea Labill., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Seppelt, R.D. in Jessop, J.P. & Toelken, H.R. (ed.) (1986), Violaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 4, 2
Viola fuscoviolacea (L.G.Adams) T.A.James, legitimate James, T.A. (24 July 1996), New combinations in Viola (Violaceae). Muelleria 9 Viola hederacea subsp. fuscoviolacea L.G.Adams, legitimate (1982) basionymViola sp. A, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonym
Viola hederacea Labill., legitimate CHAH (2016), Australian Plant Census Erpetion hederaceum (Labill.) Sweet, legitimate (1830) nomenclatural synonymErpetion hederaceum (Labill.) G.Don, legitimate (1831) nomenclatural synonymViola hederacea f. A, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. B, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. D, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. E, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. F, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. G, [n/a] (1990) taxonomic synonym
Viola hederacea Labill. subsp. hederacea, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Viola hederacea Labill. var. hederacea, legitimate (1824) nomenclatural synonymViola hederacea Labill. f. hederacea, legitimate (1895) nomenclatural synonymErpetion cymbalariae DC. ex Sweet, nom. inval., pro syn. (1826) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea var. genuina Domin, nom. inval. (1928) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea subsp. Baw Baws Vic. Herbarium, [n/a] (June 2003) taxonomic synonym
Viola hederacea var. petiolaris Ging., legitimate CHAH (2016), Australian Plant Census Viola gracilis Ging., nom. inval., pro syn. (1824) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea f. gracilis Siebert & Voss, legitimate (1895) taxonomic synonym
Viola perreniformis (L.G.Adams) R.J.Little & Leiper, legitimate CHAH (2016), Australian Plant Census Viola hederacea subsp. perreniformis L.G.Adams, legitimate (1982) nomenclatural synonymViola sp. nov. C, [n/a] (28 November 2003) taxonomic synonym
Viola sieberiana Spreng., legitimate CHAH (2016), Australian Plant Census Erpetion spathulatum G.Don, nom. illeg. (1831) nomenclatural synonymViola hederacea var. sieberiana (Spreng.) Domin, legitimate (1928) nomenclatural synonymViola hederacea subsp. sieberiana (Spreng.) L.G.Adams, legitimate (1982) nomenclatural synonymViola spathulata Spreng., nom. inval., pro syn. (1827) taxonomic synonymViola sieberi Hook., legitimate (1 April 1836) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea var. sieberi (Hook.) Hook.f., legitimate (1855) taxonomic synonymViola spathulata Hook.f., nom. inval., pro syn. (1855) taxonomic synonymViola hederacea var. sieberi (Hook.) W.Becker, isonym (1917) taxonomic synonym

link to here
  • To cite this object in a database or publication please use the following preferred link.
  • The preferred link is the most specific of the permalinks to here and makes later comparisons of linked resources easier.
  • Note you can access JSON and XML versions of this object by setting the correct mime type in the ACCEPTS header of your HTTP request or by appending ".json" or ".xml" to the end of the URL.

Please cite using: https://id.biodiversity.org.au/tree/51449534/51227578