Vascular Plants

APC: Cactaceae
A tree element is an element of a classification tree structure (also known as a Node). The element holds the position of a Taxon Concept in an arrangement of taxon that we refer to generically as a tree.
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(old) current version.

APC (version 51447582) published 19/10/21 by amonro
APC Dist.
WA (naturalised), NT (naturalised), SA (naturalised), Qld (naturalised), NSW (naturalised), ACT (naturalised), Vic (naturalised)
Plantae / Charophyta / Equisetopsida / Magnoliidae / Caryophyllanae / Caryophyllales
57 sub taxa
Acanthocereus (Engelm. ex A.Berger) Britton & Rose, legitimate Telford, I.R.H. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Cactaceae. Flora of Australia 4 Cereus subsect. Acanthocereus Engelm. ex A.Berger, legitimate (May 1905) nomenclatural synonymCereus subg. Acanthocereus (Engelm. ex A.Berger) A.Berger, legitimate (1929) nomenclatural synonym
Acanthocereus tetragonus (L.) Hummelinck, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus pentagonus L., legitimate (1 May 1753) taxonomic synonymCereus pentagonus (L.) Haw., legitimate (1812) taxonomic synonymAcanthocereus pentagonus (L.) Britton & Rose, legitimate (1909) taxonomic synonym
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (Lam.) Backeb., legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Cactus cylindricus Lam., legitimate (1785) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia cylindrica (Lam.) DC., legitimate (1828) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia cylindrica (Lam.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate (1936) nomenclatural synonym
Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Muehlenpf.) Backeb., legitimate Barker, W.R., Barker, R.M., Jessop, J. & Vonow, H. (ed.) (18 March 2005), Census of South Australian Vascular Plants 5th Edition. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens Supplement 1 Pereskia subulata Muehlenpf., legitimate (1845) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia subulata (Muehlenpf.) Engelm., legitimate (1883) nomenclatural synonymPeireskia subulata Muehlenpf., orth. var. (1845) taxonomic synonym
Cereus uruguayanus R.Kiesling, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus uruguayensis R.J.F.Hend., orth. var. (2002) orthographic variant
Cylindropuntia (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia subg. Cylindropuntia Engelm., legitimate (1857) nomenclatural synonym
Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia fulgida Engelm., legitimate (1856) nomenclatural synonym
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata (A.Schott ex Engelm.) Backeb., legitimate Chinnock, R.J. (2015), Feral opuntioid cacti in Australia Part 1. Cylindrical -stemmed genera: Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Corynopuntia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens Supplement 3 Opuntia mamillata A.Schott ex Engelm., legitimate (1857) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia fulgida var. mamillata (A.Schott ex Engelm.) J.M.Coult., legitimate (1896) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia fulgida f. monstruosa P.V.Heath, legitimate (1994) taxonomic synonymOpuntia pachypus K.Schum., legitimatemisapplication by Swinbourne, R.F.G. in Jessop, J.P. & Toelken, H.R. (ed.) (1986), Cactaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 4, 1boxing glove cholla, [n/a] common namecoral cactus, [n/a] common name
Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Cereus imbricatus Haw., legitimate (1821) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC., legitimate (1828) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC. var. imbricata, legitimate (1850) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M.Knuth var. imbricata, legitimate (1958) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia decipiens DC., legitimate (1828) taxonomic synonymOpuntia rosea DC., legitimate (1828) taxonomic synonymCylindropuntia rosea (DC.) Backeb., legitimate (1958) taxonomic synonymOpuntia arborescens Engelm., legitimate (1848) taxonomic synonymOpuntia cylindrica (Lam.) DC., legitimatemisapplication by Willis, J.H. (1973), A Handbook to Plants in Victoria Edn. 2, 2
Cylindropuntia kleiniae (DC.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (7 July 2021), Australian Plant Census Opuntia kleiniae DC., legitimate (1828) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia leptocaulis (DC.) F.M.Knuth, legitimatemisapplication by CHAH (2005), Australian Plant CensusCylindropuntia arbuscula (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) F.M.Knuth, legitimatemisapplication by Hosking, J.R., Conn, B.J. & Lepschi, B.J. (2003), Plant species first recognised as naturalised for New South Wales over the period 2000-2001. Cunninghamia 8(2)
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis (DC.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia leptocaulis DC., legitimate (1828) nomenclatural synonym
Cylindropuntia pallida (Rose) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Opuntia pallida Rose, legitimate (1908) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia rosea (DC.) Backeb., legitimatemisapplication by Johnson, S.B., Hosking, J.R., Chinnock, R.J. & Holtkamp, R.H. (2009), The biology of Australian weeds. 53. Cylindropuntia rosea (DC.) Backeb. and Cylindropuntia tunicata (Lehm.) K.M.Knuth. Plant Protection Quarterly 24(2)
Cylindropuntia prolifera (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia prolifera Engelm., legitimate (1852) nomenclatural synonym
Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate Chinnock, R.J. (2015), Feral opuntioid cacti in Australia Part 1. Cylindrical -stemmed genera: Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Corynopuntia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens Supplement 3 Opuntia whipplei var. spinosior Engelm., legitimate (1856) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia spinosior (Engelm.) Toumey, legitimate (1898) nomenclatural synonymcane cholla, [n/a] common nameSnake cactus, [n/a] common name
Cylindropuntia tunicata (Lehm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus tunicatus Lehm., legitimate (1832) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia tunicata (Lehm.) Link & Otto, legitimate (1837) nomenclatural synonymCylindropuntia tunicata (Lehm.) F.M.Knuth var. tunicata, legitimate (1980) nomenclatural synonym
Echinopsis oxygona (Link) Zucc. ex Pfeiff., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Echinopsis multiplex (Pfeiff.) Zucc. ex Pfeiff. & Otto, legitimate (1838) taxonomic synonym
Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus phyllanthus L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonym
Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus martinii Labour., legitimate (1854) nomenclatural synonymEriocereus martinii (Labour.) Riccob., legitimate (1909) nomenclatural synonym
Harrisia regelii (Weing.) Borg, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Eriocereus bonplandii (Parm. ex Pfeiff.) Riccob., legitimate (1909) taxonomic synonymHarrisia pomanensis (F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.) Britton & Rose, legitimatemisapplication by Pedley, L. in Henderson, R.J.F. (ed.) (2002), Caesalpiniaceae. Names and Distribution of Queensland Plants, Algae and Lichens
Harrisia tortuosa (J.Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr.) Britton & Rose, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus tortuosus J.Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr., legitimate (1838) nomenclatural synonymEriocereus tortuosus (Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr.) Riccob., legitimate (1909) nomenclatural synonym
Hylocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus subg. Hylocereus A.Berger, legitimate (May 1905) nomenclatural synonym
Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose, legitimate Telford, I.R.H. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Cactaceae. Flora of Australia 4 Cereus undatus Haw., legitimate (1830) nomenclatural synonymCereus triangularis Mill., legitimatemisapplication by Bailey, F.M. (1900), The Queensland Flora 2Night-blooming Cereus, [n/a] common nameQueen of the Night, [n/a] common name
Opuntia Mill., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia subg. Cylindropuntia Engelm., legitimate (1857) pro parte nomenclatural synonymNopalea Salm-Dyck, legitimate (1850) taxonomic synonymCylindropuntia (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth, legitimate (1936) pro parte taxonomic synonymAustrocylindropuntia Backeb., legitimate (1938) pro parte taxonomic synonym
Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl., legitimate Telford, I.R.H. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Cactaceae. Flora of Australia 4 Opuntia ferox (Willd.) Haw., legitimatepro parte misapplication by Bailey, F.M. (1900), The Queensland Flora 2Tiger Pear, [n/a] common name
Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill., legitimate CHAH (31 July 2018), Australian Plant Census Opuntia cochinelifera Mill., orth. var. (1768) orthographic variantOpuntia cochenill Jessup, orth. var. (2003) orthographic variantCactus cochenillifer L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonymNopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck, legitimate (1850) nomenclatural synonym
Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus dillenii Ker Gawl., legitimate (1818) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia stricta var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D.Benson, legitimate (1969) nomenclatural synonym
Opuntia elata Link & Otto ex Salm-Dyck, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia cardiosperma K.Schum., legitimate (1899) taxonomic synonymOpuntia bonaerensis Speg., legitimate (1901) taxonomic synonymOpuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., legitimatemisapplication by Telford, I.R.H. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Cactaceae. Flora of Australia 4Opuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., legitimatemisapplication by Swinbourne, R.F.G. in Jessop, J.P. & Toelken, H.R. (ed.) (1986), Cactaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 4, 1Opuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., legitimatemisapplication by Harden, G.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1990), Cactaceae. Flora of New South Wales 1Opuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., legitimatemisapplication by Stajsic, V. & Carr, C.W. in Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (ed.) (1996), Cactaceae. Flora of Victoria 3
Opuntia elatior Mill., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia bergeriana F.A.C.Weber ex A.Berger, legitimate (1904) taxonomic synonym
Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia discata Griffiths, legitimate (1908) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia lindheimeri Engelm., legitimate (1850) taxonomic synonymOpuntia lindheimeri Engelm. var. lindheimeri, legitimate (1896) taxonomic synonymOpuntia phaeacantha var. discata (Griffiths) L.D.Benson & Walk., legitimate (1965) taxonomic synonym
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus ficus-indica L., legitimate (1 May 1753) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia vulgaris Mill., legitimate (1768) taxonomic synonymOpuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck, legitimate (1834) taxonomic synonymOpuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., legitimate (1899) taxonomic synonym
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf., legitimate Telford, I.R.H. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Cactaceae. Flora of Australia 4 Cactus humifusus Raf., legitimate (1820) nomenclatural synonymCactus opuntia L., legitimate (1 May 1753) taxonomic synonymCactus compressus Salisb., nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (1796) taxonomic synonymOpuntia compressa J.F.Macbr., legitimate (1922) taxonomic synonymOpuntia opuntia J.M.Coult., nom. inval., tautonym (1896) taxonomic synonymCreeping Pear, [n/a] common name
Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus microdasys Lehm., legitimate (1827) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia sp. B, [n/a] (18 March 2005) taxonomic synonym
Opuntia monacantha Haw., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia vulgaris Mill., legitimatemisapplication by Harden, G.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1990), Cactaceae. Flora of New South Wales 1Opuntia vulgaris Mill., legitimatemisapplication by Stajsic, V. & Carr, C.W. in Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (ed.) (1996), Cactaceae. Flora of Victoria 3
Opuntia polyacantha Haw., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia sphaerocarpa var. utahensis Engelm., legitimate (1863) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia erinacea var. utahensis (Engelm.) L.D.Benson, legitimate (1969) taxonomic synonymOpuntia rhodantha K.Schum., legitimate (1898) taxonomic synonymOpuntia sp. C, [n/a] (18 March 2005) taxonomic synonym
Opuntia puberula Pfeiff., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia lubrica Griffiths, legitimate (1910) taxonomic synonymOpuntia sp., [n/a] (1984) taxonomic synonymOpuntia tenuispina Engelm., legitimatemisapplication by Harden, G.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1990), Cactaceae. Flora of New South Wales 1
Opuntia schickendantzii F.A.C.Weber, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cylindropuntia schickendantzii (F.A.C.Weber) Backeb., legitimate (1936) nomenclatural synonymAustrocylindropuntia schickendantzii (F.A.C.Weber) Backeb., legitimate (1951) nomenclatural synonym
Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw., legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cactus strictus Haw., legitimate (1803) nomenclatural synonymOpuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. stricta, legitimate (1969) nomenclatural synonymCactus opuntia var. inermis DC., legitimate (1799) taxonomic synonymOpuntia inermis (DC.) DC., legitimate (1828) taxonomic synonymOpuntia bentonii Griffiths, legitimate (1912) taxonomic synonymOpuntia vulgaris Mill., legitimatemisapplication by Bailey, F.M. (1900), The Queensland Flora 2
Opuntia sulphurea Gillies ex Salm-Dyck, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Opuntia sulphurea G.Don ex Loudon, nom. inval., nom. nud. (1830) taxonomic synonym
Peniocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus subsect. Peniocereus A.Berger, legitimate (May 1905) nomenclatural synonymCereus subsect. Nyctocereus A.Berger, nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (May 1905) taxonomic synonymNyctocereus Britton & Rose, legitimate (1909) taxonomic synonym
Peniocereus serpentinus (Lag. & Rodr.) N.P.Taylor, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus serpentinus Lag. & Rodr., legitimate (1801) nomenclatural synonymNyctocereus serpentinus (Lag. & Rodr.) Britton & Rose, legitimate (1909) nomenclatural synonym
Pereskia Mill., legitimate CHAH (2009), Australian Plant Census Peireskia Steud., orth. var. (1841) orthographic variant
Selenicereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose, legitimate CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census Cereus subsect. Selenicereus A.Berger, legitimate (May 1905) nomenclatural synonym

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