Vascular Plants Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)

Showing Limodorum tancarvilleae
Orchidaceae Juss.
Limodorum tancarvilleae Banks , legitimate, scientific
Banks, J. (1788), Limodorum tankervilliae. Engraved plates: - [tax. nov.]
L'Héritier de Brutelle, C.L. (1789), Sertum Anglicum: 17 BHL [secondary reference]
Persoon, C.H. (September 1807), Synopsis plantarum, seu enchiridium botanicum, complectens enumerationem systematicam specierum 2(2): 520 [replaced synonym]
replaced synonym of: Limodorum incarvillei Pers. nom. illeg., nom. superfl.
Salisbury, R.A. (1812), On the cultivation of rare plants. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 1: 299 [taxonomic synonym]
taxonomic synonym of: Pachyne spectabilis Salisb. legitimate
Brown, R. in Aiton, W.T. (1813), Hortus Kewensis Edn. 2, 5: 205 [basionym]
basionym of: Bletia tancarvilleae (Banks) R.Br. legitimate
Blume, C.(K.)L. von (1856), Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavum sive stirpium Exoticarum, Novarum vel Minus Cognitarum ex Vivis aut Siccis Brevis Expositio et Descriptio 2(12): 177 [basionym]
basionym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Rupp, H.M.R. (January 1944), The Orchids of New South Wales: 109 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Nicholls, W.H. (1950), The genus Phaius in Australia. The Victorian Naturalist 67(1): 10 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Dockrill, A.W. (1969), Australian Indigenous Orchids: S5 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Dockrill, A.W. (1969), Australian Indigenous Orchids: 250 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Jacobs, S.W.L. & Pickard, J. (1981), Plants of New South Wales: 31 [taxonomic synonym]
taxonomic synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Ross, E.M. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1989), Orchidaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 3: 370 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Clements, M.A. in Jones, D.L. (ed.) (August 1989), Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae. Australian Orchid Research 1: 104 [secondary reference]
  • Lectotype: "cult. Kew, 1791, ex `China', herb. J.E. Smith 1403.1 (lectotype LINN! here designated)."
Clements, M.A. in Jones, D.L. (ed.) (August 1989), Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae. Australian Orchid Research 1: 104 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Dockrill, A.W. (1993), Australian Indigenous Orchids Edn. 2, 1: 290 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
CHAH (2005), Australian Plant Census: - [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Mabberley, D.J. (2011), A note on some adulatory botanical plates distributed by Sir Joseph Banks. Kew Bulletin 66(3): 476 [secondary reference]
  • Lectotype: "[icon]: J. Sowerby, 'Limodorum Tankervilliae' (engraving by MacKenzie from Sowerby's original drawing dated 1787 and now at BM [see R. J. Cleevely in J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Hist. 6: 487 (1974)], later published in W. Aiton, Hort. Kewensis 3: t. 12 [Aug.-Oct. 1789], lectotype selected here)."
  • Text: "Surviving herbarium material at BM (BM000514795) has on verso of sheet '[1 Hort Pitcairne [i.e. William Pitcairn's Botanic Garden in Islington, London] 1783' and] '2 Hort. Comitis de Tankerville [i.e. Mount Felix, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey] 1786' [i.e. March 1786, cf. Solander MSS XVIII. f. 459 at BM] - merely fragments (though there is an unsigned drawing on vellum made for Lady Tankerville and now preserved in the Tankerville Collection [Box H] at Kew with later annotations, 'now Bletia Tankervilliae [(Banks) R. Br.]' 'April 1790', all mounted on a sheet with details taken from Aiton's text) and BM000514796, a fine gathering made in 1787, the same year as Sowerby's drawing, from Banks's collection at Spring Grove, Hounslow, Middlesex Middlesex, so it seems very likely that the latter is connected with the plant illustrated by Sowerby and may possibly even be a 'typotype'. However, M. A. Clements in Austr. Orchid Research 1: 104 (1989) has selected as lectotype 'Cult. Kew 1791 herb. J. E. Smith (LINN-Sm lecto 1403.1)', but, being collected after the publication, that specimen would have been a neotype - at best."
Mabberley, D.J. (2011), A note on some adulatory botanical plates distributed by Sir Joseph Banks. Kew Bulletin 66(3): 476 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
Stone, J. & Cribb, P. (2017), Lady Tankerville's legacy: A historical and monographic review of Phaius and Gastrorchis: 93-94 [secondary reference]
  • Etymology: "Named to honour Lady Emma Tankerville, wife of the 4th Earl of Tankerville, said to be an 'Encourager of Botany'."
Stone, J. & Cribb, P. (2017), Lady Tankerville's legacy: A historical and monographic review of Phaius and Gastrorchis: 93 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume legitimate
CHAH (28 February 2018), Australian Plant Census: - APC [secondary reference]
orthographic variant: Limodorum tankervilleae J.V.Stone & P.J.Cribb orth. var. nomenclatural synonym: Limodorum incarvillei Pers. nom. illeg., nom. superfl. nomenclatural synonym: Bletia tancarvilleae (Banks) R.Br. legitimate nomenclatural synonym: Bletia tankervilliae R.Br. orth. var. nomenclatural synonym: Bletia tankervilleae J.V.Stone & P.J.Cribb orth. var. taxonomic synonym: Phajus incarvillei Kuntze orth. var. taxonomic synonym: Phaius incarvillei Kuntze nom. illeg., nom. superfl.
  • APC Comment: Listed in synonymy of Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks ex L’Her.) Blume by various authors (e.g. E.M.Ross & T.D.Stanley, Fl. South-eastern Queensland 3: 370 (1989), A.W.Dockrill, Austral. Indig. Orchids 2nd edn 1: 290 (1993)). Phaius tancarvilleae is now considered to have been misapplied to Phaius australis F.Muell. and P. bernaysii Rowland ex Rchb.f. in Australia.
Chase, M.W., Christenhusz, M.J.M. & Schuiteman, A. (23 November 2020), Expansion of Calanthe to include the species of Cephalantheropsis, Gastrorchis and Phaius (Collabieae; Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 472(2): 165 [basionym]
basionym of: Calanthe tancarvilleae (Banks) M.W.Chase, Christenh. & Schuit. legitimate
Jones, D.L. (January 2021), Native Orchids of Australia Edn. 3: 619 [nomenclatural synonym]
nomenclatural synonym of: Phaius tancarvilleae (Banks) Blume var. tancarvilleae legitimate