Chenopodiaceae Vent.
Salsola L. , legitimate, scientific
Linnaeus, C. (1 May 1753), Species Plantarum 1: 222 [tax. nov.]
  • Type: (not designated).
Linnaeus, C. (1754), Genera Plantarum Edn. 5: 104 [secondary reference]
Brown, R. (27 March 1810), Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae et insulae Van-Diemen, exhibens characteres plantarum quas annis 1802-1805: 411 [secondary reference]
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1882), Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 31 [secondary reference]
Bailey, F.M. (1913), Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 411 [secondary reference]
Britton, N.L. & Brown, A. (1913), An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British possessions Edn. 2, 2: 24 [secondary reference]
  • Type: Salsola soda L.
Black, J.M. (1924), Casuarinaceae - Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia 2: 199 [secondary reference]
  • Etymology: "From Latin salsus, salted; these plants grow in salty ground and contain alkaline salts."
Black, J.M. (January 1948), Casuarinaceae-Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 2: 315 [secondary reference]
  • Etymology: "From Latin salsus, salted; some of these plants grow in salty ground and contain alkaline salts."
Backer, C.A. (December 1949), Chenopodiaceae. Flora Malesiana Series I 4(2): 106 [secondary reference]
Beadle, N.C.W., Evans, O.D. & Carolin, R.C. (1962), Handbook of the Vascular Plants of the Sydney District and Blue Mountains: 163 [secondary reference]
Eichler, Hj. (1965), Supplement to J.M.Black's Flora of South Australia (Second Edition, 1943-1957): 126 [secondary reference]
Botschantzev, V. (1974), A synopsis of Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) from South and South-West Africa. Kew Bulletin 29(3): 597-614 [secondary reference]
Cronquist, A.J. (1981), An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants: 264 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. & Pickard, J. (1981), Plants of New South Wales: 104 [secondary reference]
Wilson, Paul G. in Jessop, J.P. (ed.) (1981), Chenopodiaceae (Chenopodium, Dysphania, Rhagodia, Sclerobitum, Monolepis, Atriplex, enchylaena, Neobassia, Stelligera, Threlkeldia, Babbagia, Halosarcia, Tecticornia, Sclerostegia, Pachycornia, Salsola) ). Flora of Central Australia: 75 [secondary reference]
Ross, E.M. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1984), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 1: 127 [secondary reference]
Wilson, Paul G. in George, A.S. (ed.) (1984), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of Australia 4: 314 [secondary reference]
  • APC Dist.: WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT (naturalised), Vic, Tas (naturalised)
Rye, B.L. in Marchant, N.G., Wheeler, J.R., Rye, B.L., Bennett, E.M., Lander, N.S. & Macfarlane, T.D. (1987), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of the Perth Region 1: 89 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1990), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of New South Wales 1: 238 [secondary reference]
Wilson, Paul G. in Wheeler, J.R. (ed.) (1992), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of the Kimberley Region: 104 [secondary reference]
Kuhn, U. in Kubitzki, K. (ed.) (1993), Chenopodiaceae. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2: 275 [secondary reference]
Walsh, N.G. in Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (ed.) (1996), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of Victoria 3: 197 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (2000), Chenopodiaceae. Flora of New South Wales Revised Edition 1: 238 [secondary reference]
Wheeler, J.R., Marchant, N.G. & Lewington, M. (2002), Dicotyledons. Flora of the South West 2: 560 [secondary reference]
Mabberley, D.J. (1 May 2008), Mabberley's Plant-Book Edn. 3: 762 [secondary reference]
CHAH (2009), Australian Plant Census: - [secondary reference]
  • APC Comment: A satisfactory taxonomic treatment of the genus Salsola in Australia is still lacking. P.G.Wilson, Fl. Australia 4: 314 tentatively referred Australian material to S. kali s.l., while S.Rilke, Biblioth. Bot. 149: 1-190 (1999) treated Australian plants as S. tragus (with three subspecies, subsp. tragus, subsp. grandiflora and subsp. pontica), although little Australian material was examined in that study. C.P.B.Borger et al., Austral. J. Bot. 56: 600-608 (2008) studied Salsola populations in the south-west of Western Australia, and referred material to S. australis (syn. S. kali subsp. austroafricana; often regarded as synonymous with either S. kali or S. tragus subsp. tragus) and S. tragus subsp. tragus. Application of the latter name is tentative, and plants referred to S. tragus subsp. tragus (at least in WA) may represent other taxa. The taxonomic status of northern and eastern Australian Salsola remains uncertain. The findings of Borger et al. are corroborated in part by G.F.Hrusa & J.F.Gaskin, Madrono 55: 113-131 (2008), who suggest that Australian Salsola represents a separate species complex, of which S. australis is the "typical form". South Australian plants are also presently tentatively referred to S. australis (R.J.Chinnock, pers. comm. 2009).
  • APC Dist.: WA, NT, SA, Qld (native and naturalised), NSW, ACT (naturalised), Vic, Tas (naturalised)
CHAH (2011), Australian Plant Census: - APC [secondary reference]
  • APC Comment: A satisfactory taxonomic treatment of the genus Salsola in Australia is still lacking. P.G.Wilson, Fl. Australia 4: 314 tentatively referred Australian material to S. kali s.l., while S.Rilke, Biblioth. Bot. 149: 1-190 (1999) treated Australian plants as S. tragus (with three subspecies, subsp. tragus, subsp. grandiflora and subsp. pontica), although little Australian material was examined in that study. C.P.B.Borger et al., Austral. J. Bot. 56: 600-608 (2008) studied Salsola populations in the south-west of Western Australia, and referred material to S. australis (syn. S. kali subsp. austroafricana; often regarded as synonymous with either S. kali or S. tragus subsp. tragus) and S. tragus subsp. tragus. The findings of Borger et al. are corroborated in part by G.F.Hrusa & J.F.Gaskin, Madrono 55: 113-131 (2008), who suggest that Australian Salsola represents a separate species complex, of which S. australis is the "typical form". R.J.Chinnock, J. Adelaide Bot. Garden 24: 75-80 (2010) adopts the name S. australis for plants in WA and SA.
  • APC Dist.: WA, NT, SA, Qld (native and naturalised), NSW, ACT (naturalised), Vic, Tas (naturalised)
Mosyakin, S.L., Rilke, S. & Freitag, H. (October 2014), (2323) Proposal to conserve the name Salsola (Chenopodiaceae s.str.; Amaranthaceae sensu APG) with a conserved type. Taxon 63(5): 1134 [secondary reference]
  • Type: "S. kali L., typ. cons. prop."
Applequist, W.L. (October 2016), Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 68. Taxon 65(5): 1156 [secondary reference]
  • Text: "(2323) To conserve Salsola L. (Chenopodiaceae s.str.; Amaranthaceae sensu APG) with a conserved type. ... Votes: 9–7–2 (neither recommended nor rejected ...)."
Wilson, K.L. (April 2017), Report of the General Committee: 17. Taxon 66(2): 480 [secondary reference]
  • Text: "Two proposals without recommendation from the NCVP are still under consideration: ... (2323) cons. Salsola (typ. cons.)"
Wilson, K.L. (August 2017), Report of the General Committee: 20. Taxon 66(4): 981 [secondary reference]
  • Text: "Proposal (2323) to conserve Salsola L. with a conserved type (S. kali) was a difficult case, with strong opinions for and against expressed by chenopod specialists. It was noted that this problem would be solved if the Code were amended in Shenzhen by accepting the proposals from the Special Committee on Mechanical Typification. However, a narrow super-majority (5–19–0–0) agreed that the GC should not delay making a decision and voted (17–6–1–0) to conserve Salsola with S. kali as the conserved type. Some members considered conservation not strictly necessary but agreed that this action would stop confusion and stabilise usage."