Pittosporaceae R.Br.
Billardiera scandens Sm. , legitimate, scientific
Smith, J.E (1793), A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland 1(1): 1, t. 1 [tax. nov.]
  • Type: "... from New South Wales."
Schultes, J.A. (1819), Systema Vegetabilium Edn. 16, 5: 330 [basionym]
basionym of: Labillardiera scandens (Sm.) Schult. legitimate
Mueller, F.J.H. von (February 1862), Thalamiflorae. The Plants Indigenous to the Colony of Victoria 1: 79-80 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Billardiera canariensis J.C.Wendl. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera angustifolia DC. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera latifolia Putt. nom. illeg., nom. superfl. taxonomic synonym: Billardiera grandiflora Putt. nom. illeg., nom. superfl. taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha F.Muell. ex Klatt legitimate
Bentham, G. (30 May 1863), Flora Australiensis 1: 123-124 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Billardiera canariensis J.C.Wendl. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera angustifolia DC. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera grandiflora Putt. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera latifolia Putt. legitimate
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1875), Census of the plants of Tasmania, instituted in 1875. Monthly Notices of Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1874: 74 [secondary reference]
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1882), Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 7 [secondary reference]
Mueller, F.J.H. von (December 1889), Second Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 12 BHL [secondary reference]
Rodway, L. (1903), The Tasmanian Flora: 10 BHL [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. legitimate
Bailey, F.M. (1913), Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 43 [secondary reference]
common name: Apple Berry [n/a]
Black, J.M. (1924), Casuarinaceae - Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia 2: 263, Fig. 128 I [secondary reference]
Black, J.M. (January 1948), Casuarinaceae-Euphorbiaceae. Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 2: 395, Fig. 553I [secondary reference]
Curtis, W.M. (1956), The Student's Flora of Tasmania 1: 56 [secondary reference]
common name: Apple-berry [n/a]
Beadle, N.C.W., Evans, O.D. & Carolin, R.C. (1962), Handbook of the Vascular Plants of the Sydney District and Blue Mountains: 198 [secondary reference]
Burbidge, N.T. & Gray, M. (1970), Flora of the Australian Capital Territory: 192, Fig. 186. [secondary reference]
common name: Hairy Appleberry [n/a]
Curtis, W.M. & Morris, D.I. (1975), Angiospermae: Ranunculaceae to Myrtaceae. The Student's Flora of Tasmania Edn. 2, 1: 59 [secondary reference]
common name: Apple-berry [n/a]
Bennett, E.M. (7 February 1978), New taxa and new combinations in Australian Pittosporaceae. Nuytsia 2(4): 188 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. & Pickard, J. (1981), Plants of New South Wales: 174 [secondary reference]
Stanley, T.D. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1984), Pittosporaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 1: 230, 238, Fig. 37E [secondary reference]
Williams, K.A.W. (1984), Native Plants of Queensland 2: 56 [secondary reference]
Makinson, R.O. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1992), Pittosporaceae. Flora of New South Wales 3: 68, pl.6 [secondary reference]
common name: Apple Dumplings [n/a] common name: Snotberry [n/a] common name: Appleberry [n/a]
Walsh, N.G. & Albrecht, D.E. in Walsh, N.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (ed.) (1996), Pittosporaceae. Flora of Victoria Edn. 1, 3: 531 [secondary reference]
common name: Common Apple-berry [n/a]
Cayzer, L.W., Crisp, M.D. & Telford, I.R.H. (9 March 2004), Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 17(1): 93-94, Figs 2, 3 (map) [secondary reference]
  • Lectotype: (here designated): the plate t. 1.
taxonomic synonym: Billardiera canariensis J.C.Wendl. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera angustifolia DC. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera latifolia Putt. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha F.Muell. ex Klatt legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera scandens var. brachyantha (F.Muell. ex Klatt) Benth. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera scandens var. sericata E.M.Benn. legitimate doubtful taxonomic synonym: Billardiera daphnoides Knowles & Westc. legitimate common name: Hairy Apple Berry [n/a]
CHAH (2007), Australian Plant Census: - APC [secondary reference]
nomenclatural synonym: Labillardiera scandens (Sm.) Schult. legitimate nomenclatural synonym: Billardiera scandens Sm. var. scandens legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera canariensis J.C.Wendl. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera angustifolia DC. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera grandiflora Putt. nom. illeg., nom. superfl. taxonomic synonym: Billardiera grandiflora Putt. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera latifolia Putt. nom. illeg., nom. superfl. taxonomic synonym: Billardiera latifolia Putt. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha F.Muell. nom. inval., nom. nud. taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha F.Muell. ex Klatt var. brachyantha legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha F.Muell. ex Klatt legitimate taxonomic synonym: Billardiera scandens var. brachyantha (F.Muell. ex Klatt) Benth. legitimate pro parte taxonomic synonym: Billardiera scandens var. sericata E.M.Benn. legitimate doubtful taxonomic synonym: Billardiera daphnoides Knowles & Westc. legitimate doubtful taxonomic synonym: Billardiera brachyantha var. phyllocalyx Klatt legitimate
  • APC Dist.: SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Vic
CHAH (2007), Australian Plant Census: - [misapplied]
misapplied to: Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. legitimate by Curtis, W.M. & Morris, D.I. (1975), Angiospermae: Ranunculaceae to Myrtaceae. The Student's Flora of Tasmania Edn. 2, 1: 59
de Salas, M.F. & Baker, M.L. (2016), A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 62 [misapplied]
misapplied to: Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. legitimate by Curtis, W.M. & Morris, D.I. (1975), Angiospermae: Ranunculaceae to Myrtaceae. The Student's Flora of Tasmania Edn. 2, 1: 59