Proteaceae Juss.
Banksia spinulosa Sm. , legitimate, scientific
Smith, J.E (1793), A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland 1(1): 13, t. 4 [tax. nov.]
  • Type: (none cited) t. 4.
  • Comment: Given under BANKSIA L.f. (nom. cons.).
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1882), Systematic Census of Australian Plants: 72 [secondary reference]
Kuntze, C.E.O. (5 November 1891), Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 582 [basionym]
basionym of: Sirmuellera spinulosa (Sm.) Kuntze legitimate
Domin, K. (1921), Beitrage zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australiens. Bibliotheca Botanica 22(89): 596 [secondary reference]
nomenclatural synonym: Sirmuellera spinulosa (Sm.) Kuntze legitimate taxonomic synonym: Banksia denticulata Dum.Cours. legitimate
Beadle, N.C.W., Evans, O.D. & Carolin, R.C. (1962), Handbook of the Vascular Plants of the Sydney District and Blue Mountains: 185 [secondary reference]
Jacobs, S.W.L. & Pickard, J. (1981), Plants of New South Wales: 178 [secondary reference]
taxonomic synonym: Banksia collina R.Br. legitimate taxonomic synonym: Banksia cunninghamii Sieber ex Spreng. nom. superfl.
George, A.S. (11 September 1981), The genus Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae). Nuytsia 3(3): 392-397 [secondary reference]
  • Lectotype: "LINN (162.2), annotated by Smith "Banksia spinulosa" "New South Wales, Mr. White, 1793". The upper right hand specimen is chosen as lectotype."
nomenclatural synonym: Sirmuellera spinulosa (Sm.) Kuntze legitimate
Ross, E.M. in Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986), Proteaceae. Flora of South-eastern Queensland 2: 3, Fig. 1A [secondary reference]
Carthew, S.M., Ayre, D.J. & Whelan, R.J. (1988), High-levels of outcrossing in populations of Banksia spinulosa R.Br. and Banksia paludosa Smith. Australian Journal of Botany 36(2): 217-223 [secondary reference]
Vaughton, G. (1988), Pollination and seed set of Banksia spinulosa: evidence for autogamy. Australian Journal of Botany 36(6): 633-642 [secondary reference]
Wrigley, J.W. & Fagg, M. (1989), Banksias, Waratahs & Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family: 96 [secondary reference]
Harden, G.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1991), Banksia. Flora of New South Wales 2: 70 [secondary reference]
Robson, Peter J. (1993), Checklist of Australian Trees: alphabetical listings of common and scientific names: - [secondary reference]
common name: Hairpin Banksia [n/a] common name: Golden Candlesticks [n/a]
George, A.S. in Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (1999), Banksia. Flora of Australia 17B: 229 APC [secondary reference]
nomenclatural synonym: Sirmuellera spinulosa (Sm.) Kuntze legitimate
  • APC Dist.: Qld, NSW, Vic
Harden, G.J. in Harden, G.J. (ed.) (2002), Banksia. Flora of New South Wales Revised Edition 2: 85 [secondary reference]