Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Subspecies Paralecanium expansum expansum (Green, 1896)

Flat Scale

Ecological Descriptors



ID Keys

(Tang, F.T., 1991) [127] (female; Asia); (Tao, C.C.C., Wong, C.Y. & Chang, Y.C., 1983) [100] (female; Taiwan); (Kawai, S., 1980) [146] (female; Japan)



See colour photograph in Kawai, S. 1980. Scale insects of Japan in colors. Tokyo : National Agricultural Education Association 455 pp. [figs 6, 17], Wong, C.Y., Chen, S.P. & Chou, L.Y. 1999. [Guidebook to Scale Insects of Taiwan.]. Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan : Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute 98 pp..


Good description and illustration of adult female by Tao, C.C.C., Wong, C.Y. & Chang, Y.C. 1983. Monograph of Coccidae of Taiwan, Republic of China (Homoptera: Coccoidea). Journal of Taiwan Museum 36: 57–107 and by Tang, F.T. 1991. [The Coccidae of China]. Taiyuan, P. R. China : Shanxi United Universities Press.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
21-Nov-2012 01-May-2014 MODIFIED
29-Jun-2012 29-Jun-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)