Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAVS: 1266

Species Osphranter robustus (Gould, 1841)

Common Wallaroo

Generic Combinations




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


ACT, NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Burt Plain (BRT), Central Arnhem (CA), Carnarvon (CAR), Channel Country (CHC), Central Kimberley (CK), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Desert Uplands (DEU), Dampierland (DL), Davenport Murchison Ranges (DMR), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Finke (FIN), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Gascoyne (GAS), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mitchell Grass Downs (MGD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), Northern Kimberley (NK), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Pilbara (PIL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD), Stony Plains (STP), Sturt Plateau (STU), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Victorian Midlands (VM), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Ecological Descriptors

Cave dweller, crepuscular, desert sand dunes, folivore, hummock grassland, low woodland, nocturnal, open forest, subtropical, tall shrubland, terrestrial, tussock grassland, woodland.

Extra Ecological Information

Inhabits rough or hilly terrain, shelters in caves.


General References

Arnold, G.W., Steven, D.E., Weeldenburg, J.R. & Smith, E.A. 1993. Influences of remnant size, spacing pattern and connectivity on population boundaries and demography in euros Macropus robustus living in a fragmented landscape. Biological Conservation 64: 219-230

Arnold, G.W., Steven, D.E. & Weeldenburg, J.R. 1994. Comparative ecology of western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) and euros (M. robustus erubescens) in Durokoppin Nature Reserve, isolated in the central wheatbelt of Western Australia. Wildlife Research 21: 307-322

Arnold, G.W., Weeldenburg, J.R. & Ng, V.M. 1995. Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) and euros (M. robustus) in a fragmented landscape. Landscape Ecology 10: 65-74

Caughley, G., Shepherd, N. & Short, J. (eds) 1987. Kangaroos: Their ecology and management in the sheep rangelands of Australia. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press 253 pp.

Caughley, G. & Grigg, G.C. 1982. Numbers and distribution of kangaroos in the Queensland pastoral zone. Australian Wildlife Research 9: 365-371

Clancy, J.H. & Croft, D.B. 1989. Space-use patterns of the common wallaroo Macropus robustus erubescens in the arid zone. pp. 603-609 in Grigg, G., Jarman, P. & Hume, I. (eds). Kangaroos, Wallabies and Rat-Kangaroos. Sydney : Australian Mammal Society and Surrey Beatty 835 pp.

Clancy, T.F. & Croft, D.B. 1990. Home range of the common wallaroo, Macropus robustus erubescens in far western New South Wales. Australian Wildlife Research 17: 659-673

Clancy, T.F. & Croft, D.F. 1992. Population dynamics of the common wallaroo (Macropus robustus erubescens) in arid New South Wales. Wildlife Research 19: 1-16

Coulson, G. 1996. A safe and selective draw-string trap to capture kangaroos moving under fences. Wildlife Research 23: 621-627

Croft, D.B. 1981. Social behaviour of euro, Macropus robustus (Gould) in the Australian arid zone. Australian Wildlife Research 8: 13-49

Croft, D.B. 1987. Socio-ecology of the antilopine wallaroo, Macropus antilopinus, in the Northern Territory, with observations on sympatric M. robustus woodwardi and M. agilis. Australian Wildlife Research 14: 243–255

Croft, D.B. 1991. Home range of the euro, Macropus robustus erubescens. Journal of Arid Environments 20: 99-111

Dawson, T.J. 1973. Thermoregulatory responses of the arid zone kangaroos, Megaleia rufa and Macropus robustus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 46A: 153-169

Dawson, T.J. 1995. Kangaroos. Biology of the largest marsupials. Sydney : University of New South Wales 162 pp.

Dawson, T.J. & Ellis, B.A. 1994. Did dietary competition play a role in the extinction of small macropodids in western New South Wales with the coming of European settlement. pp. 75-80 in Lunney, D., Hand, S., Reed, P. & Butcher, D. (eds). Future of the fauna of western New South Wales. Mosman : Royal Zoological Society of NSW 245 pp.

Dawson, T.J. & Ellis, B.A. 1996. Diets of mammalian herbivores in Australian arid, hilly shrublands: seasonal effects on overlap between euros (hill kangaroos), sheep and feral goats, and on dietary niche breadths and selectivities. Journal of Arid Environments 34: 491-506

Deane, E.M. & Cooper, D.W. 1984. Immunology of pouch young marsupials. I. Levels of immunoglobin, transferrin and albumin in the blood and milk of euros and wallaroos (hill kangaroos: Macropus robustus, Marsupialia). Developmental and Comparative Immunology 8: 863-876

Denny, M.J.S. 1982. Adaptations of the red kangaroo and euro (Macropodidae) to aridity. pp. 179-183 in Barker, W.R, & Greenslade, P.J.M. (eds). Evolution of the Flora and Fauna of Arid Australia. Frewville, Adelaide : Peacock Press vii 392 pp.

Ealey, E.H.M. 1967. Ecology of the euro, Macropus robustus (Gould), in north-western Australia IV. Age and growth. CSIRO Wildlife Research 12: 67-80

Ellis, B.A., Russell, E.M., Dawson, T.J. & Harrop, C.J.F. 1977. Seasonal changes in diet preferences of free-ranging red kangaroos, euro and sheep in western New South Wales. Australian Wildlife Research 4: 127-144

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1987. Effects of water restriction on digestive function in the euro (Macropus robustus erubescens), wallaroo (M. r. robustus) and the feral goat. pp. 127-128 in Rose, M. (ed.). Herbivore nutrition research. Brisbane : Australian Society for Animal Production.

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1992. Ingestive and digestive responses to dietary fibre and nitrogen by two macropodid marsupials (Macropus robustus erubescens and M. r. robustus) and a ruminant (Capra hircus). Australian Journal of Zoology 40: 181-194

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1993. Effects of water restriction on digestive function in two macropodid marsupials from divergent habitats and the feral goat. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 163: 247-257

Janke, A., Xu, Xiufeng & Arnason, U. 1997. The complete mitochondrial genome of the wallaroo (Macropus robustus) and the phylogenetic relationship among Monotremata, Marsupialia, and Eutheria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94: 1276-1281

Jarman, P.J. 1994. The eating of seedheads by species of Macropodidae. Australian Mammalogy 17: 51-63

Jarman, P.J. & Taylor, R.J. 1983. Ranging of eastern grey kangaroos and wallaroos on a New England pastoral property. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 33-38

King, D.R., Norbury, G.L. & Eliot, G.J. 1997. The efficacy of Finlayson troughs as a means of repelling kangaroos from water and altering grazing pressure in pastoral areas. Rangeland Journal 19: 57-69

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. & Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Canberra : Wildlife Australia 234 pp.

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. & Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Canberra : Wildlife Australia 234 pp.

Morris, K.D. & Bromlow, R.N. 1991. A record of the euro, Macropus robustus in John Forrest National Park. Western Australian Naturalist 18: 166-167

Poole, W.E. 1995. Common Wallaroo Macropus robustus. pp. 347-349 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Poole, W.E. & Merchant, J.C. 1987. Reproduction in captive wallaroos: the eastern wallaroo, Macropus robustus robustus, the euro M. r. erubescens and the antilopine wallaroo, M. antilopinus. Australian Wildlife Research 14: 225-242

Press, A.J. 1988. The distribution and status of macropods (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory. Australian Mammalogy 11: 103-108

Press, A.J. 1989. The abundance and distribution of black wallaroos Macropus bernardus and common wallaroos Macropus robustus on the Arnhem Land Plateau Australia. pp. 783-786 in Grigg, G., Jarman, P. & Hume, I. (eds). Kangaroos, Wallabies and Rat-Kangaroos. Sydney : Australian Mammal Society and Surrey Beatty 835 pp.

Richardson, B.J. & Sharman, G.B. 1976. Biochemical and morphological observations on the wallaroos (Macropodidae: Marsupialia) with a suggested new taxonomy. Journal of Zoology, London 179: 499-513 (synonymy)

Russell, E.M. & Richardson, B.J. 1971. Some observations on the breeding, age structure, dispersion and habitat of populations of Macropus robustus and Macropus antilopinus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology, London 165: 131-142

Short, J. & Turner, B. 1991. Distribution and abundance of spectacled hare-wallabies and euros on Barrow Island, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 18: 421-429

Southwell, C.J., Weaver, K.E., Cairns, S.C., et al. 1995. Abundance of macropods in north-eastern New South Wales, and the logistics of broad-scale ground surveys. Wildlife Research 22: 757-766

Taylor, R.J. 1982. Population composition of the wallaroo, Macropus robustus (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in the New England Tablelands of New South Wales. Australian Mammalogy 5: 221-223

Taylor, R.J. 1983. Association of social classes of the wallaroo, Macropus robustus (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). Australian Wildlife Research 10: 39-45

Taylor, R.J. 1983. The diet of the eastern grey kangaroo and wallaroo in areas of improved and native pasture in the New England tablelands. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 203-211

Taylor, R.J. 1984. Foraging in the eastern grey kangaroo and the wallaroo. Journal of Animal Ecology 53: 65-74

Taylor, R.J. 1985. Effects of pasture improvement on the nutrition of eastern grey kangaroos and wallaroos. Journal of Applied Ecology 22: 717-725

Taylor, R.J. 1985. Habitat use by the eastern grey kangaroo and wallaroo in an area of sympatry. Mammalia 49: 173-186


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Nov-2016 MACROPODIDAE 14-Nov-2016 MODIFIED
29-Nov-2016 05-Nov-2010 MOVED
29-Oct-2010 29-Oct-2010 MOVED
12-Feb-2010 (import)