Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAVS: 1526

Species Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, 1758

Red Deer

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy




New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Introduced from United Kingdom.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


NSW, Qld, SA, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Flinders (FLI), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Jarrah Forest (JF), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), NSW North Coast (NNC), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: SE coastal
    • Queensland: NE coastal
    • South Australia: SE coastal
    • Victoria: SE coastal
    • Western Australia: SW coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Crepuscular, diurnal, folivore, gregarious, herbivore, terrestrial, territorial.


General References

Anderson, R. 1978. Gold on Four Feet.Commercial deer farming: a new rural industry of outstanding potential. Collingwood : R. Anderson & Assoc. 160 pp.

Anderson, R. 1979. Deer farming in Australia. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 55-71

Bentley, A. 1978. An Introduction to the Deer of Australia with Special Reference to Victoria. Melbourne : R.A. Manning for the Koetong Trust Service Fund, Forests Comm., Vic. 350 pp.

Bentley, A. 1995. Red Deer Cervus elaphus. pp. 734-735 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Bentley, A. 1998. An Introduction to the Deer of Australia. Melbourne : Australian Deer Research Foundation.

Clutton-Brock, T.H., Guinness, F.E. & Albon, S.D. 1982. Red Deer Behavior and Ecology of Two Sexes. Edinburgh : Edinburgh Univ. Press xxii 378 pp.

de Vos, A., Manville, R.H. & Van Gelder, R.G. 1956. Introduced mammals and their influence on native biota. Zoologica (New York) N.Y. 41: 163-194

English, A.W. 1979. Veterinary aspects of deer farming in New South Wales. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 127-202-1 pl.

Geist, V. 1999. Deer of the World. Shrewsbury : Swan Hill Press.

Gibb, J.A. & Flux, J.E.C. 1973. Mammals. pp. 334-371 in Williams, G.R. (ed.). The Natural History of New Zealand an Ecological Survey. Wellington : A.H. & A.W. Reed.

Haltenorth, T. 1963. Klassifikation der Säugetiere: Artiodactyla. Handbuch der Zoologie Berlin 8(teil 1, lfg. 32): 1-167 pls 1-16

Jesser, P. 2005. Deer in Queensland. Pest Status Review. Brisbane : Land Protection, Department of Natural Resources and Mines.

Keep, J.M. 1979. The distribution of wild deer in Australia. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 15-19 1 pl.

Long, J.L. 1972. Introduced birds and mammals in Western Australia. Agricultural Protection Board Western Australia Technical Service 1: 1-30

Mitchell, B., Staines, B.W. & Welch, D. 1977. Ecology of Red Deer. A research review relevant to their management in Scotland. Cambridge : Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (Natural Environment Research Council) viii 74 pp. 13 pls.

Moriarty, A. 2004. The liberation, distribution and management of wild deer in Australia. Wildlife Research 31: 291-299

Rolls, E.C. 1969. They All Ran Wild. The Story of Pests on the Land in Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 444 pp. 21 pls.

Tuckwell, C. 1998. Australian Deer Industry Manual, Part 3: Classification and Species Selection. Canberra : Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation and Deer Industry Company.

Whitehead, G.K. 1972. Deer of the World. London : Constable xii 194 pp. 33 pls.

Whitehead, G.K. 1993. The Whitehead Encyclopedia of Deer. Shrewsbury : Swan Hill Press.

Wilson, P.R. 1979. Nutrition and reproduction of farmed deer. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 49: 95-103


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Dec-2010 16-Dec-2010 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)